Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in France. In addition to the general practitioner, cardiologist following some patients said to be at risk. Relying on more specific examinations and therapeutic arsenal more effective specialist takes your health very heart.
1. What is Cardiology?
Cardiology is the study of the functioning of the cardiovascular (heart and vessels) device and diseases affecting it.
2 – What are the diseases that treats the cardiologist?
Cardiovascular diseases are very numerous. Without claiming to be exhaustive, it nevertheless include the main: high cholesterol, heart failure, hypertension, myocardial infarction, pericarditis, endocarditis, pulmonary embolism, rhythm disorders…
3 – A time consult a cardiologist?
After consultation with your doctor, he may direct you to a cardiologist. In this case only, the consultation with the specialist you will be refunded.
4 – What are the people most at risk?
The elderly, smokers or people with high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes are more likely than others to suffer from heart disease. Physical inactivity and overweight are also on the list of risk factors, as well as family history of cholesterol or myocardial infarction.
5 – Prepare your consultation
Family history: list who in your family has been touched by a cardiovascular accident, it is heart or stroke (cerebral vascular accident) and at what age.
Personal data: bring the consultation for your blood tests done for the year, indicating your cholesterol, creatinine, glucose and triglyceridelevels. Also take the results of your analyses of urine;
Medical treatment: list the drugs that you are regularly prescribed.
6 – What happens during the consultation?
The consultation lasts an average of half an hour. After interviewing the patient on his family and personal history, the doctor passes the review. He begins by taking the blood pressure puts an electrocardiogram. Through this review, the doctor has an electrical image of the heart and eventually finds and rhythm disorders (arrhythmias) or the trace of a former heart. It can also test the health of the patient by physical exercises. If need be, the cardiologist prescribed a cardiac ultrasound to assess the State of the valves, or ultrasound vascular to detect stenosis (narrowing of the arteries). Other tests are also available: scanner, angiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scintigraphy and coronary angiography…
7 – Key words to know
The pericardium, myocardium and endocardium are the three tissues of the heart from the outside to the inside. The endocardium is the deep tissue in contact with the blood of the cavities of the two Atria and two ventricles;
The ventricles and Atria are the two pairs of Chambers of the heart. The left atrium receives the blood oxygenated through the lungs, it sends it to the left ventricle that extrudes it to all cells in the body via the aorta. The less oxygenated blood returns to the heart by the vena cava at the level of the right atrium. The blood is sent to the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery that sends the blood carry oxygen in the lungs.
To learn more about the anatomy of the heart muscle, read our article “the heart, this extraordinary pump”.Heart failure is the inability of one or other of the ventricles to provide blood flow to the body’s needs. Antihypertensive drugs are used to restore a (TA) blood pressure normal blood pressure. This class of drugs includes a very large number of substances to the various modes of action.