Viral Hepatitis : Hepatitis B, a serious public health problem

Hepatitis B is a serious public health problem that affects people of all ages U.S. and around the world. In the United States each year, more than 240,000 People get hepatitis B. This disease is caused by a virus very contagious that attacks the liver. Infection with hepatitis B virus can cause severe illness , liver damage and sometimes death.

The best way to protect against hepatitis B is to be vaccinated with hepatitis B, which has proven to be safe and effective. Read this booklet and so learn about hepatitis B, the behaviors that place a high risk of acquiring this disease and how you can protect yourself to avoid it. If you would like to know different types of drug, you could choose smart drug delivery systems.


How the greater the risk of contracting hepatitis B?

Around 5 % of people in the United States will acquire hepatitis B at some point of his life. You may be at risk of contracting Hepatitis B if:

How transmitting the hepatitis B virus ?

People with hepatitis B have the virus in the blood and body fluids . You can buy infection through contact with a small amount of infected blood. You can get hepatitis B through contact with blood or fluids the body of an infected person , sharing needles or having sex with infected people. A baby can get hepatitis B from a mother infected during childbirth.

Is hepatitis B transmitted by food?

Unlike hepatitis A In another form of hepatitis , hepatitis B is not transmitted through food or water . If you have hepatitis A is also possible to acquire hepatitis B. If you have hepatitis C , another form of hepatitis that can be spread by contact with blood, it can also to acquire hepatitis B.

What is a carrier of hepatitis B?

Some People infected with hepatitis virus never fully recover and have the virus chronically . These people are known as carriers and can infect other members of your home and the people who have sexual contact. Among adults with hepatitis B, 5 % to 10 % develop infection Lifetime ; among children at risk of infection for life is higher. In United States there are an estimated one million people with infection by living with the virus of hepatitis B.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis B?

If you have hepatitis B can:

* Have yellowing of the skin or eyes , loss of appetite , nausea , vomiting, fever, extreme tiredness, stomach or joint pain
* Feel very sick and unable to work for weeks or months
* Not have symptoms and infect others without knowing it

How serious is hepatitis B?

The Hepatitis B can cause

* Problems serious as cirrhosis and liver cancer Liver
* Infection for life with hepatitis B virus
* Failure liver and death

What are the long-term effects of hepatitis B?

Each year approximately 5,000 people in the United States die of cirrhosis of liver associated with hepatitis B and another 1,500 die of cancer associated with this disease. Hepatitis B is the most common cancer Liver worldwide . Because these problems can be serious not develop until many years after a person becomes infected with hepatitis B virus , those with lifelong infection should be evaluated periodically by a health care provider .

Why is hepatitis B so serious in pregnant women ?

Infected pregnant women with hepatitis B virus often transmit the disease to their babies. Many of these babies develop lifelong infection , cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer. All pregnant women should be assessed early in pregnancy to determine if they are infected with the virus of hepatitis B. If the blood test is positive, the baby must be vaccinated at birth and during their first year of life.

How can you prevent hepatitis B?

Not cure is available against hepatitis B , so prevention is crucial. Vaccines provide protection from 90 % to 95 % of healthy people. The vaccine can be given safely to infants, children and adults three doses over a period of six months . For information related to the vaccine hepatitis B visit their public health clinic or see your doctor or nurse.

Who should get vaccinated?

There the risk of chronic patients develop severe liver problems. It is therefore important that they be vaccinated against hepatitis B:

* Every baby , starting from birth
* Active adolescents sexual or injecting drug
* People participating in high-risk behaviors mentioned in this brochure
* People whose jobs expose to human blood

Why you should you vaccinate?

If you are a person at high risk, every day in danger of collapse hepatitis B, a highly contagious disease that endangers people you want and that can lead to cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. Give your future a shot in the arm.