This transmission is made by person-to-person contact either by the liquid of the vesicles or by contact with respiratory secretions. There is a risk of infection from 1 to 2 days before the onset of the rash 4 or 5 days later. It is in general a benign disease typical of childhood with few though possible and complications.
You can initially present with fever malaise and headaches, which may occur up to two days before the rash on the skin. Chickenpox is characterized by an eruption of vesicles that usually starts in the head, extending to the face trunk in a few hours and then to the rest of the body. Although not frequent these eruptions may appear on mucous membranes. The number of these varies from one patient to another being from a few tens to hundreds. The lesions are very frequently accompanied by itching.
How will it evolve?
After this initial phase, the fever may be present 2 or 3 days. On the fourth day, the number of lesions is stabilized and crust appears where there was previously a gallbladder. From the sixth or seventh day the child is no longer contagious, but the scabs will still take a few days to disappear. Once the child has passed, the chickenpox will be immune to it. Inevitably, some viruses are up in cells of the nervous system. In some people, after years, these viruses can be reactivated giving rise to a picture of shingles.
What can I do to make it better?
There is no specific treatment for this pathology and we must mitigate the symptoms to the maximum. We will try to minimize the itching to get more rest and avoid scratching. This will increase the risk of super infection and the appearance of scars. Good hydration of the skin, calamine lotions, fresh environment and loose clothing is recommended. Maintain hygiene and nail care. If the itching is intense consult your pediatrician to assess the use of an oral antihistamine.
The person affected should avoid contact with non-immune persons or who do not know if they have suffered from the disease. Newborns and unimmunized pregnant women are at high risk of developing serious illness or complications. Other people at risk are those who suffer chronic skin or lung disorders, in chronic treatment with aspirin or corticosteroids (oral or inhaled).
Given the large number of collectives that could be affected by the exhibition. Our little girl should avoid visiting public places and staying at home the maximum of time. Before returning to school should be made an assessment in consultation. If there is a high fever that persists for more than 4 days, if the fever starts 3 or more days after the appearance of the vesicles or if the fever reappears after it has disappeared