Sleep apnea is more common than we think! 4 to 8% of the population would be concerned. And these nocturnal respiratory cases are a real threat to health. The responsible PR. Jean-Louis Racineux, of the Department of Pneumology at the CHU d’Angers is one of the organizers of the day national apnea of sleeping. It is developed for Doctissimo on this disease which strikes at nightfall.
The sleep apnea is not a problem to ignore. This disorder results in short breathing stops during the night. Long term, the poor oxygenation of the body causes heart problems, high blood pressure and even the risk of myocardial infarction. Screening, treatment… Pr Jean-Louis Racineux answers our questions.
Doctissimo: Are sleep apnea now better detected?
PR. Racineux: The number of consultations for sleep apnea steadily in recent years. Because the public is better informed and this disorder better diagnosed by doctors. But there are still many patients who are unaware of this. It is estimated that 4% of the population suffer from this syndrome, but the exact figure would be closer to 8%. Apneas affect as many chronic diseases such as asthma or diabetes world! Should therefore further strengthen public information and train practitioners to the identification of the symptoms. Similarly, should be given more human and material resources to respiratory services, today completely overloaded. Because it is at the hospital will be the diagnosis, after a full night of sleep recording.
Doctissimo: What are the signs that enable the physician to detect this problem? PR. Racineux: For mapping, if you are a “tired buzzer”, you have all chances to sleep apnea without knowing. Especially if your spouse finds decisions of your breathing during the night. Of course, should eliminate other possible causes of fatigue in consultation with her doctor. But because of snoring, sleep associated non-remedial are signs that need to be thinking about sleep apnea.
Doctissimo: Have treatments they evolved?
PR. Racineux: Treatment of reference is to wear overnight a mask connected to a continuous positive airway pressure device, actually a small compressor that sends air pressure. This method is often effective, but many patients are struggling to manage this binding device. Another, more recent, treatment is effective in about 60% of the cases: these are the braces of mandibular. This system, which is similar to a dental device is placed in the mouth, it allows to move the jaw and identify the pharynx to allow to pass air. Treatments on the sail of the Palace, on the other hand, are not effective on the sleep apnea. They can eventually make a profit on the snoring.