The heat does not affect everyone alike. Some people are more vulnerable, such as children and the elderly, overweight, disabilities or diseases cardiovascular respiratory, renal, neurological, diabetes, bedridden or taking medications, antihistamines, amphetamines, psychotropic drugs, diuretics, Beta-blockers, contraceptives. Help the most vulnerable people in your environment!
How does heat affect us? When it is hot and in normal conditions, the internal thermometer of our body produces sweat, which evaporates and cools the body. However, the days of intense heat force the human body into an adaptation effort to maintain normal body temperature.
These high temperatures can have negative effects on health like weakness, fatigue, and headache, lack of appetite, insomnia or cramps. This effort is greater during a first heat wave: since the body is not yet accustomed to high temperatures, when the heat is continuous throughout the day and is maintained for several days, and when the humidity is very high and there is no wind.
If you can avoid activities outside in the central hours of the day, especially if they are intense if you have to do outdoor activities during hot weather, do not forget to rest. Protect you from the sun and cool off drink liquids, protect the head, use a fan. Air conditioners cool the air, maintaining constant temperature and humidity in an insulated enclosure. Keep doors and windows closed.
Never leave children or elderly people inside a closed vehicle. If you are traveling with vulnerable people, pay special attention to the sudden changes of temperature that occur when entering and leaving the vehicle and that can affect the passengers of the same. Taking the necessary precautions, progressively increase the temperature inside it.
Care at mealtimes:
Make light meals that help you replenish salts lost through sweat containing salads, fruits, vegetables, gazpachos or juices.