Ageing of the population, increase in the requirements… Each year, 500,000 people need labile blood products for surgical procedures, treatment of hematological diseases but also of cancer or of deliveries. The gift of blood is indispensable and irreplaceable to save lives. Not less than 500 000 patients are treated by drugs derived blood each year in France. To help, a single action: give blood.
Who can give blood?
Don de sang All persons aged 18 to 65 can give blood. It is sufficient to be in good health and not have been in a situation considered risks (travel in some foreign countries, unprotected sex…) in the months before the donation. Dental care and certain medications can cause a temporary contraindication to blood donation. Blood donation is done exclusively in fixed sites of the establishment French blood or mobile collections held in companies, municipalities, administrations and universities in all regions. On the www.dondusang.net site, you will discover the precise location of places of collections (173 fixed sites, nearly 39 000 mobile collections) via the heading “which way?”. In addition, the user now has the opportunity to select up to 4 places to be kept informed by email of future collections.
Regardless of the location of the collection (collection mobile or fixed site), blood donation takes place in four steps according to the Ministerial Decree of 10 September 2003 which defines good transfusion practices:
This first step to collect the information necessary to constitute the record of the donor. It must to carry an identity document.
Confidential and covered by medical secrecy, prior medical maintenance is one of the crucial steps in the process of donation of blood (or blood safety).
Give blood is no risk if the donor is capable of giving. By its questions, the doctor is to identify all the elements that could compromise the health of the donor (for example high blood pressure) and receiver (risk of transmission of infectious disease).
Not to mention any information on her State of health, lifestyle or sexual practices is invariably to risk jeopardizing his health but also and especially the health of the patient who will receive the blood.
At the end of the control of haemoglobin and the interview with the doctor, the donor, declared fit to donation, passes in the sampling room where it is supported by the nursing staff. It takes a few samples tubes on which analyses and testing will be performed. He then proceeded to the blood collection itself (between 400 and 450 ml).
Time to rest and the convocation
After the donation, the donor remains under the watchful eye of nurses. A snack is offered him before leaving the place of collection. It should be to observe a period of 8 weeks between each whole blood donation.
Retain donors and conquer new candidates
Today, 38 million French residents aged 18 to 65 years are able to give blood. However, only 1.6 million are actually passed to the Act in 2007. Lack of time, concerns and ideas about the gift and its conduct, lack of information on the places of gathering… blood donation brakes remain too many issues of public health are major.
52% of the French a day gave their blood, but few of them renew each year this citizen action. Convince new donors go to the Act and retaining those who have already come to give once more this year, as are the major issues that the EFS faces in the coming years to ensure self-sufficiency in blood products throughout the territory. It is more than ever necessary to mobilize 200,000 donors to respond to the requirements, or 800 donors over every day for a total of approximately 8800 daily donations.
Aware of the urgency, the French of the blood establishment intends to foster all the levers to improve the volume of donations, such as for example the establishment of “houses of the gift” in the city centre, therefore more accessible sites existing collection is generally confined to hospitals, most of which are on the outskirts, the multiplication of collections within companies or the revision of certain contraindications to donation, currently in the study.