Adolescents and young adults are of worse prognosis than those of children less than 15 years. Faced with this situation, the Cancer Plan 2009-2013 is committed on specific objectives. Dr. Nadège Corradini, Pediatric oncologist, presents the approach committed to Nantes with the support of the League against cancer.
In 1998, the first States-General of cancer patients and their families, organized by the League, had stressed the special place of older teens and young adult (AYA) in the care system, with notably a real difficulty of social and educational support, isolation in adult or pediatric medicine that goes up to a feeling of double exclusion… Today, the specificity of these cancers is better taken into account, including in the Plan Cancer 2009-2013.
Better to treat the cancers of adolescents and young adults
Cancer is the third leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults (15-25 years), after road accidents and suicides. The prognosis of these cancers is significantly worse than among children under 15 years for most tumors and their support proves to be very heterogeneous. How to explain this worse prognosis? “Today, their support is very heterogeneous. There is also a low rate of inclusion of these age groups in clinical trials and little identified care. Finally, the treatments are often less well followed at this age,”said Dr. Nadège Corradini, specialist paediatrician in Oncology. Continue reading “Youth cancer”
Each year, about 1,800 children suffer from cancers in France, or 1 child in 600. The treatment and support of these young patients have improved but are still insufficient, according to the associations of families of patients. On the occasion of the world cancer day of the child, which will be held February 15, Doctissimo takes stock of the current situation.
Cancers of young people under 15 years old are rare and represent only 1% of all cancers. They are often ignored and their support is harder that support developed for adults is not necessarily suitable for the youngest.
Childhood cancer is rare
Each year, about 1,800 children and adolescents suffer from cancer, although the cure rate has increased these past 30 years, from 25% to 80%. This is the 2nd cause of mortality in the child over the age of 1 year (after accidents), causing 500 deaths per year. Continue reading “Childhood cancer: support to improve”
Facing pediatric cancers, early detection and appropriate treatment are the main measures. Medical advances now allow to cure three children in four developed countries.
Organized by the International Union against cancer (UICC), world day of cancer called 2006 ‘My child, my battle’ insists on the importance of equal access to care (14 projects will be launched by the UICC in 2006 in ten poor countries) and screened early1.
Few identified risk factors
Because the causes of childhood cancers remain largely mysterious. They most likely result from a lack of development of organs, already present sometimes in an embryonic State. Because of these genetic origins, no preventive measure concerns currently pediatric cancers. Some environmental risk factors have been advanced. The only well-established is exposure to ionizing radiation on children but also on the pregnant woman. Other factors remain more controversial as proximity to high-voltage lines and fields electromagnetic2, exposure to chemicals of parents3, certain infections4, smoking parents5… Continue reading “Childhood cancer”