Facilitate access by minors to contraception

While 18,000 young girls became pregnant in 2010, only 4,500 have gone at the end of their pregnancy. To avoid unintended pregnancies, a report is to be delivered to the Secretary of State for youth stressing the need for anonymous and free contraception for all teenage minor.

Being pregnant at 13 or 14 years, this is not normal. If certain songs, movies and TV shows sometimes evoke teenage pregnancies with idealism, the reality is often difficult for very young mothers suffered some insecurity. The subject of teenage pregnancies and abortion, behind is before all a lack of information and access to adequate contraception.


The paradox of contraception
In their report on the contraception and abortion of girls, Professor Israel Nisand, Dr. Brigitte Letombe (gynecologists) and Sophie Marinopoulos (psychologist), highlight a paradox that is specific to the France. Abortion and emergency contraception are free, anonymous, while contraception is paid or refundable by the social security of parents, thus requiring their authorization. “In France, we prefer to pay abortion rather than contraception” exclaims the Israel Nisand gynecologist.

Today, the contraceptive pill is given free of charge in family planning, which respect the anonymity and confidentiality of patients. However, they are rare in rural areas and the family planning association deplored the lack of means and calls to sign a petition for “Defend the right to information and education in sexuality”.

Package contraception for minors
The 18 proposals in the report, include provision of anonymously and free of contraception all and up to age 18 (and condoms under conditions of resources of 18 to 25 years). This proposal could emerge in the form of a “contraception for minor package” proposed by the State voluntary pharmaceutical laboratories. “Annual cost by minor would be around 80 euros in addition to the price of an annual consultation of renewal”, assess the authors. A cost to “put next to the cost of an abortion (on the order of 350 euros) which takes into account costs occasioned by suspicion of pregnancy, or emergency contraception, nor psychological consequences of Abortions to minors, if difficult to measure”, continuing the specialists.

The idea is also to provide suitable contraceptives minor. “We always speak of the pill, but most of the time, it is not suitable for the girls; It is better to provide the patch, the ring , or the implant, who avoid accidents. Unfortunately, these new methods of contraception are not reimbursed to date”adds Jeannette Bougrab, Secretary of State for youth.

Inform… from kindergarten!
Avoid unwanted pregnancies, it also passes by informing adolescents about sexuality and its consequences. According to the Nissan Professor, “pornography educates our children. Near three boys on four and more than a girl on two began to consume pornography before the age of 14 years”. In addition to maintaining the law of 2001 on school-based sexuality information, the report suggests to provide information on “la vie affective, emotional, sentimental” and respect for oneself in a sexed body report from kindergarten for the dialogue to become fluid and constant on these subjects, from the earliest age. How to apply to adolescents, specialists exclaim in echo ‘stop at the pure information only. “Young people need information but also especially to feel listened, to speak freely”.

But facing the sexuality of adolescents are also parents need help. They may indeed find it difficult to interact with their children. The report suggested the creation of places of parent-child home offering a listen for anonymous and free.