The first stage of pregnancy is essential for fetal development. Drug abuse by a pregnant woman can have devastating effects on the health of the unborn child. Other complications may arise as the pregnancy progresses, if the abuse continues. As food enters the placenta , drugs and other toxins also enter, putting the fetus at risk.
Drug abuse is not limited to hard drugs such as cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and marijuana. Alcohol and nicotine can also cause serious complications in fetal development and even death. Prescription drugs should also be avoided and the counter that have not been approved for use during pregnancy.
Research shows that different types of drugs affect the fetus in several ways. Although marijuana can affect the growth rate and the nervous system of the developing fetus, the methamphetamine are at much greater risk because they affect the development of vital organs such as the brain and spinal cord. These drugs also have a negative impact on the formation of the skeleton and limbs. Heroin affects the development of the lungs and brain, and decreases the rate of growth. Cocaine can compromise fetal development, which can cause prenatal stroke and result in fetal death. Continue reading “Effects of drug abuse on the fetus”