Responsible for over 25,000 new cases each year in France, cancer of the bronchial tubes may be regarded as a major public health problem in our country. The most common cancer in humans, it represents in fact the leading cause of death by cancer in men and the third in women.
Not less than 27,000 deaths annually are attributable annually in France to lung cancer. Impressive figures, reminding that it is essential to develop means of prevention against this scourge by strengthening the fight against smoking. The France is also distinguished in no other developed in this area. Of public data on 16 September 2002 by the European society of respiratory diseases suggest that this cancer should remain the third cause of mortality in the old continent during the coming decades. Globally, this tumor also has a considerable impact (nearly one million deaths per year). Continue reading “Cancer of the Lung in figures”
Facing pediatric cancers, early detection and appropriate treatment are the main measures. Medical advances now allow to cure three children in four developed countries.
Organized by the International Union against cancer (UICC), world day of cancer called 2006 ‘My child, my battle’ insists on the importance of equal access to care (14 projects will be launched by the UICC in 2006 in ten poor countries) and screened early1.
Few identified risk factors
Because the causes of childhood cancers remain largely mysterious. They most likely result from a lack of development of organs, already present sometimes in an embryonic State. Because of these genetic origins, no preventive measure concerns currently pediatric cancers. Some environmental risk factors have been advanced. The only well-established is exposure to ionizing radiation on children but also on the pregnant woman. Other factors remain more controversial as proximity to high-voltage lines and fields electromagnetic2, exposure to chemicals of parents3, certain infections4, smoking parents5… Continue reading “Childhood cancer”
Cancer is the disease that makes the most fear, because nobody can feel safe. The most common cancers in women are breast (30%), uterus (12%) and ovaries (4%). More than anything, these cancers can be prevented through regular screening and lifestyle tips.
In an Ifop survey published in November 2000, the cancer appeared as the disease that fear most. It is cited in head in 63% of cases, far before AIDS (39%), cardiovascular diseases (26%), (28%) Alzheimer’s disease Creutzfeld-Jakob (23%) and meningitis (11%). The fear of cancer appears homogeneous, regardless of the age group or sex. Everyone feels potentially concerned. Thus, it appears today useful to recall some prevention tips.
The importance of screening
For most cancers of women, the importance of screening is crucial. More cancer is detected early, more the chances of cure are high. Through screening by mammography, 50% of breast cancers are detected in the early stages of evolution while the tumor is less than 2 cm. In addition to an increase in the chances of recovery, this early diagnosis allows a use less aggressive treatments. For this cancer, we recommend regular monitoring by your doctor or your gynecologist, every six months or annually over 30 years, and a mammogram every two years over 50 years. Every month, you will need to perform a self-examination of your breasts. Continue reading “Cancer: how to limit the risks?”
Six years after its inception, the consultation of “diagnosis in 1 day” meeting a true success with women having a suspicion of breast cancer. According to a report presented by the Institut Gustave Roussy (Villejuif), this procedure has helped 75% of women considered to leave the same evening with a definite diagnosis.
Organized on Mondays, the consultation of ‘diagnosis in 1 day’ receives between 30 and 40 women with a suspicion of cancer of the breast following a mammogram performed in the city. A battery of examinations and consultations will punctuate the day, leading to a sure diagnosis. The goal is simple: reduce the time of doubt and diagnostic wandering.
Breast cancer: a positive diagnosis in a day. With nearly 9,000 women views this day since 2004, the balance sheet of the “diagnosis in 1 day” of breast cancer is more than positive, welcomes Dr. Suzette Delaloge, cancer specialist and head of the Committee of breast pathologies at the Cancer Institute Gustave Roussy (Villejuif). Is to be the initiative of this procedure, which aims to reduce the time of diagnosis and support, generating anxiety. Continue reading “Breast cancer”
Physical activity is beneficial against overweight and cardiovascular health. But it is also after a breast cancer, reducing the risk of recurrence. For sports practices of women cured of such cancer, the French mutuality and the French Association of the after breast (Afacs) launched the first national survey entitled “Move against breast cancer”.
We know that physical activity is good for health. It is also known that his regular practice prevents the risk of breast cancer. What was unknown however, is that it is also beneficial for women who have survived breast cancer.
Physical activity reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence
According to estimates, a 8 women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Thanks to medical advances, most can be cured. But women are not necessarily free, so doctors interested more and more to the quality of life in the apres-cancer. “Physical activity is probably the most effective weapon to combat the negative effects about which little: chronic fatigue, anxiety and weight gain”, explained Dr. Christian Jamin, endocrinologist and president of the French Association of the after1(Afacs) breast cancer. According to this expert, are just beginning to realize that “physical activity reduces the occurrence of breast cancer and that there is a correlation between the intensity of physical activity and breast cancer prevalence”2. “But what is less known, is the fact that physical activity decreases the risk of recidivism and mortality from cancer of the breast in proportions not negligible”, he added. Continue reading “Move after a breast cancer!”
The American Clinical Oncology Society (ASCO) Congress gathers each year leading cancer experts. Present in Chicago in July 2010, PR. Pierre Fumoleau, Director General of Centre of fight against the Cancer Georges-François Leclerc (Dijon) presents the main advanced breast cancer.
Doctissimo: Several studies presented at the 2010 Convention of the American Cancer Society are interested in the technique of Sentinel lymph node. Can you in the preamble explain the principle of this surgery?
PR. Pierre Fumoleau: Invasion of the lymph nodes in the armpits is the first step towards the development of metastases in breast cancer. To avoid it, the removal of invasive tumour of the breast (i.e. having started to infiltrate the mammary gland) has long associated in an axillary dissection of the side reaches (removal of the lymph node chain). Continue reading “Breast cancer: support plays for small step”
In the coming months, 16 million insured from 50 to 74 years will receive a letter inviting them to an organized colorectal cancer screening. In France, it is the second leading cause of cancer death with approximately 17,000 deaths per year.
Colorectal cancer: 32nd most common cancer
Third that of cancer after prostate and breast cancer, colorectal cancer is common, but remains unknown in France. It contains two types of cancer neighbors, colon cancer and the rectum. In 2005, more than 37,000 new cases were detected. By comparison, 62,000 new cases of prostate cancer in men and 40,000 breast cancer in women were discovered in the same year. Since 2000, the mortality rate has decreased, but still 17,000 deaths have been recorded in 2005.Si the current campaign aims to inform the general population, it primarily targets the age group 50-74 years.
Indeed, 94% of cancers occur after age 50 . With advances in screening techniques, a 50% on this test would reduce the mortality rate of about 20%. Detected early, cervical cancer can indeed be cured in nine of ten cases. Today, only one in five cases detected at early stage of maladie.Les likelihood of developing the disease vary, again, depending on the individual, the risk is accentuated by family history. At age 55, incidence is rising faster among men than women: in 2000, the median age of diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 72 years for men and 75 for women. Nevertheless, it is strongly advised to regularly monitoring, because the warning signs often remain invisible and early detection significantly increases the chances of survie.Du September 13 to October 14, 2008, the National Cancer Institute (Inca) launches television and radio campaign aimed at informing the public about this cancer that is often forgotten. Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: THOSE 50 TO 74 YEARS INVITED TO SCREENING”
The screening program for colorectal cancer is for all people aged over 50 years. Diagnosed early, it can be cured in more than 9 out of 10. However, there are cases of inheriting the cancer colorectal requiring special care including a consultation with a geneticist.
1.The high incidence of colorectal cancer
2.Aggravating factors and protective for colorectal cancer
3.Genetic predisposition for colorectal cancer
4.The colorectal cancer screening
When colorectal cancer is detected early, the chances of recovery above 90%. Mass screening using the Hem occult II ®, now organized throughout the country, to identify early colorectal cancer and thus significantly improve the prognosis of the patient. Operation “Blue March” aims to further sensitize the population on this screening too little follow-up since the national participation rate over the period 2009-2010 is 34% (1). Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER AND GENETIC PREDISPOSITION”