Stroke: what you need to know

The stroke is an abrupt shutdown of the blood flow to the brain. Vascular accidents are mostly secondary. They are due to either a clot located directly into the artery (and it does three times out of four), hemorrhage, is kind of breach of the walls of the vessel.

Of course, their severity depends on the location and the extent of brain damage. The consequences are, in general, immediate and are reflected by a neurological, motor or sensory deficit or loss of memory or speech.

what you need to know

Phenomena of variable recovery
The possibilities of recovery are fortunately very real. But they vary from one individual to another. Some meet 100% of their initial capacity, and the accident will be just a bad memory, others only partially recover and will have to fight every day to overcome their deficits.

The age is a risk factor for stroke as 2 per 1,000 estimated the number of cases in the general population, while this figure passes to 8 per thousand for the subjects over 65 years, and twenty-five after sixty fifteen years!

How to react to a stroke?
At the time the accident, stay calm area as possible! It can be a person who suddenly loses his words no longer speak, no longer sees or feels more a part of his body. In this case, lie down on a bed and reassure them then immediately tell the doctor, firefighters or the SMUR.

Then, pending their arrival, place the subject in lateral position of security, that is, on one side, the loose belt and unbuttoned shirt collar. Also, check that it is not choking with his tongue. Calm it down and ask him not to talk. Explain to him that you have “took matters into their hands” and that the help arrived very quickly to support.

Sometimes, the scene is more spectacular. The subject, after a slight discomfort, may vomit, be of strong headaches, or even lose consciousness. In this case, the actions of emergency you must practice are the same. Place the subject security sideways and immediately call the relief that will be able to take all necessary measures.

While awaiting their arrival, avoid touching her neck. There are in fact at this level receivers that can slow the heart rate, which would make the situation worse. However, place his head, in the extension of the spine. To reduce the anxiety generated by these situations, feel free to reduce the light and to create a subdued atmosphere. Similarly, pull out all those unnecessary.

It is the speed and efficiency of your actions depends on the prognosis. As more blood is important, the lesions can become serious.