Falling asleep in class can be a disease. A rare disease. Or maybe not because in fact misunderstood, sometimes unthinkable, “orphan” diagnosis.Not only in the classroom.During a conversation, while waiting for the bus, even at the dinner table between a bite. And what do you think of these unpredictable strokes of sleep. Don’t you think. «The guy makes the small hours. «It is bored by what you say if you fall asleep while I speak. ” «Pretends, it does on purpose. ” Actually that guy suffer and many more. Even he knows what happens, island, finds it difficult to integrate, test of guilt, is not confident (and how could it?), tends to depression.
THE DIFFICULTY IN DIAGNOSIS-The explanation is there. Suffers from narcolepsy. A chronic neurological disorder that impairs the brain’s ability to regulate wakefulness and sleep, due to lack of a substance (Orexin) which is no longer produced.The origin of narcolepsy? May be autoimmune in nature. A reaction against themselves, as many other diseases of today.Suffers for example actress Nastassjia Kinsky.
There are examples in the past, as well as the master of brush Toulouse-Lautrec. Narcolepsy anyway mainly affects children. Even if it doesn’t seem to. On a population estimated at about 25,000 people sick in Italy, only 2,000 have received a diagnosis, 200 are part of the Associazione italiana narcoleptic medicine (Ain) and these few are children and adolescents. The student is in fact mistaken for narcoleptic person lazy, listless or having their sleep habits or, finally, in the case of older children, to one that makes use of illegal substances; many guys narcoleptic subjects remain so without diagnosis and treatment.
THE CONFERENCE-This will speak in Bologna the European experts in research and in the treatment of this disease at the third European day of narcolepsy (17-18 March), promoted by theEuropean narcolepsy network. In Europe the average time to arrive at a correct diagnosis is still more than seven years, during which the patient suffers serious consequences in the social, family life, study and work. It is often subjected to inappropriate care, more severe risks to their health. Why Bologna? Because it is here that University is one of the centers of active study of pathology more known internationally. It’s called sleep Center (Department of neurological science). The Guide Giuseppe Plazzi around which consists of a group of high-level research that has managed to shorten, thanks also to the collaboration of the Ain, significantly the time required to reach a correct diagnosis of narcolepsy. And to reveal, in ten years, a high prevalence of pediatric cases before unknown.
SYMPTOMS- The main symptoms of narcolepsy. Li synthesizes Plazzi: excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep attacks, not pluriquotidiani are vital here too and sometimes not made aware in advance. Total sleep in 24 hours is generally within the norm. While unusual are the continuous predisposition to drowsiness and sleep onset and the circumstances under which this occurs. The narcoleptic subjects fall asleep at times unpredictable. Another symptom is the cataplexy.
Corresponds to a rapid loss of muscle tone caused by emotional events such as rice, anger, excitement, surprise. A cataplettico attack may involve only a brief and partial weakness, but it can also cause an almost complete loss of muscle control for a few minutes.This can cause a fall, the inability to move and talk, even if the subject is at least partially conscious or aware of what is happening. ”
Hallucinations and disturbed sleep are other features to consider. A student cannot control the narcoleptic sags attention and drowsiness-causing all the trouble listed below; When these symptoms occur, the boy feels confused and often is difficult to figure out where it is and what it is doing. It can also be slowed down, disoriented, unable to respond to questions also very simple. Narcolepsy affects people differently and with different degrees of intensity: there are those who have more sleep, who has more cataplexy, who has several hallucinations, who has serious attacks and who has almost none. Then there is a good solution for everyone, but there are different approaches of care depending on the specific cases.
Plazzi: «the continued drug treatment fortunately is effective in controlling the symptoms. However, it is often necessary to most drugs, including care be taken at different times of the day, often during school. The symptoms, however, are almost never completely controlled. In this respect it should be noted that a “behavioral” therapy, which involves allowing the narcoleptic boyfriend do NAPs «programmed», it is often necessary to allow a good ability to concentrate.