Cardiovascular diseases, men and women are not equal. Indeed, the risk of developing a problem are higher in men. But beyond this controversial inequality, specifically female risks exist. Discover them to better avoid!
Because they appear on average 10 years later in women than in men, it was long believed the fair sex spared problems cardiovascular1. However, different studies allowed to identify unisex risk and hazard-specific factors women2.3.
General risk factors
Cholesterol: When there is excess cholesterol can be deposited on artery walls, forming fatty plaques that can thicken over time (atheroma plates). If the calibre of the arteries is reduced, blood flows more poorly and clots can form (risk of angina pectoris, sudden death, cerebral vascular accidents, Arteritis, etc.). To learn more, check out our animation “Cholesterol and heart attacks” ;
High blood pressure: Blood pressure reflects the pressure that must exercise the heart to propel blood throughout the body. When this pressure is too much, talking about high blood pressure. As with cholesterol, all of the arteries is reached. The deposit of fat on their wall is enhanced and the prematurely tired heart can become less efficient (heart failure);
S edentarite: Just like your other muscles, the heart needs a regular training to be at the top of its form. In the absence of regular physical exercise, it will lose its power and will pick up more slowly. Thus, in combating the sedentary lifestyle, you you forge a heart bullet-proof4.5 ;
Diet too rich: A balanced diet is the first treatment of cholesterol excess6. It can sometimes avoid drug treatment, and it still allows to reduce cardiovascular risk. Researchers British7 have even recently awarded the protection of women to their only better eating habits.
By examining the ways of life in more 50 countries and on more than 70 years, these researchers brought something that would explain the cardiovascular risk higher for men: their feeding behaviour. Indeed, scientists have noticed that the amount of fat consumed by these gentlemen was in constant increase since the 1940s. At the same time, coronary problems increased in them.
While the opposite sex did not increase its rate of mortality during this period. The more balanced diet of women would be the source of their “immunity” against cardiovascular problems. But it is likely to limit the problem to only eating habits;
Overweight: Blood pressure increases with the weight. There are three times as many high blood pressure in obese subjects. The risk of atheroma are logically increased: the fat is more easily deposited on artery walls. This increases the risk of myocardial infarction, angina and thrombosis8. Venous risks (phlebitis, pulmonary embolism,…) are also more likely. Finally,
obese people often suffer from high cholesterol. But this excess is a factor that increases the heart risk;
Diabetes: The complications of diabetes are many, but increased cardiovascular risk is not the lesser9. One-third of the infarction in the USA occur in diabetic patients! In detail, the cardiovascular risk is multiplied by 2.5 in humans. More surprising, it is multiplied by more than 3 in women.