Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer that affects the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach. This body secretes hormones such as insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels and enzymes that help the body digest food. Some of the symptoms of pancreatic cancer include jaundice, back pain or abdominal , fatigue and weight loss. It is possible to prevent or treat pancreatic cancer, but the disease is often difficult to diagnose in the early stages.
Surgery is only possible if the cancer is found only in the pancreas. During surgery, doctors usually remove part or the entire pancreas. If the cancer has spread to nearby areas, sometimes a part of the pancreas, stomach, small intestine, lymph nodes, gallbladder and bile duct is removed during surgery known as the Whipple procedure. This surgery is performed when the cancer is at the top of the pancreas. Another surgical procedure for pancreatic cancer involves the removal of the tumors found in the bottom and the body of the pancreas. Doctors can also remove the spleen during surgery. Other surgery for pancreatic cancer are total mastectomy, during which the stomach is removed; hepatic resection, during which a part or the whole liver is removed and cryosurgical ablation, during which tissue is frozen to kill cancer cells.
Chemotherapy is a treatment common for people with cancer either locally advanced or generalized. Locally advanced means that the cancer has spread to nearby tissues, lymph nodes and organs, but not to distant parts of the body. Generalized means that the cancer has spread throughout the lymphatic system and bloodstream. Chemotherapy is a type of therapy where patients receive medications orally or intravenously that aim to kill or shrink cancer cells in the pancreas and other body parts. During chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer, patients receive intravenous injections of chemotherapy drugs such as gemcitabine, erlotinib and / or capacitating. People with locally advanced pancreatic cancer often receive radiation therapy in combination with chemotherapy. Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams to kill cancer cells and / or keep them from growing. This therapy is sometimes used to reduce pain or digestive problems typical of the condition, as a result of an obstruction in the bile duct or small intestine. There are two types of radiation therapy, external beam radiation or Brach therapy. For external radiation therapy, a device sends beams of high beam in the body. Brach therapy involves placing radioactive material inside the body near the source of the cancer.
There are a number of ways that people can prevent pancreatic cancer develops. People most at risk are those who smoke, are obese or overweight, family history of pancreatic cancer, genes or medical conditions that make them more susceptible to cancer, are in their 70s and 80s and / or are black. People can reduce their risk of contracting the disease by quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise. There are a number of substances that help people stop smoking by controlling withdrawal symptoms, including nicotine gum, inhalers, patches and prescription pills. People who are overweight or obese should try to lose a lot of weight each week, one or two pounds (454-907 g). You may do this with a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and exercising regularly. It is best to start with aerobic exercises like walking, swimming or biking for about 20 minutes every other day and exercise to 30 minutes, five days a week or more.