I SUFFER FROM EYE CANCER: MELANOMA AND RETINOBLASTOMA

Cancers of the eye are rare cancers. The most common form in adults is melanoma of the eye. Retinoblastoma is another eye cancer that affects mainly children under 5 years.

Update on cancers of the eye.

Eye cancer: melanoma and retinoblastoma
What are the risk factors for cancers of the eye?
What are the symptoms of melanoma in the eye?
What are the symptoms of retinoblastoma?
What are the treatment of cancers of the eye?

EYE CANCER
Eye cancer: melanoma and retinoblastoma

Malignant melanoma is related to cancer cells that develop in tissues of the eyes, the iris, choroids (blood vessels and ciliary body) and the eye muscles. Continue reading “I SUFFER FROM EYE CANCER: MELANOMA AND RETINOBLASTOMA”

COLORECTAL CANCER: TRACKED TIME, WE HEALED!

Why screen for colorectal cancer? Because diagnosed early, colorectal cancer is curable in more than nine out of ten cases. And colorectal cancer kills 100,000 Europeans, men and women. To encourage the French to get tested, the National Cancer Institute launched the first national awareness campaign.

1.”Most often detected in time, colorectal cancer is not bad”
2.2008, the year of the spread of organized screening for colorectal cancer
3.The colorectal cancer screening in practice

COLORECTAL CANCER

“Most often detected in time, colorectal cancer is not bad”

The colorectal cancer is the second cause of cancer deaths in France. However, when diagnosed at stage I (tumor beginner), the survival rate at 5 years was 94%. But this is currently the case only a single case of colorectal cancer 5. For survival increases, it is imperative to do everything to track this cancer at an earlier stage of development. This is the goal of organized screening, experienced since 2003 and now extends to the whole country. Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: TRACKED TIME, WE HEALED!”

COLORECTAL CANCER: THOSE 50 TO 74 YEARS INVITED TO SCREENING

In the coming months, 16 million insured from 50 to 74 years will receive a letter inviting them to an organized colorectal cancer screening. In France, it is the second leading cause of cancer death with approximately 17,000 deaths per year.

Colorectal cancer: 32nd most common cancer

Third that of cancer after prostate and breast cancer, colorectal cancer is common, but remains unknown in France. It contains two types of cancer neighbors, colon cancer and the rectum. In 2005, more than 37,000 new cases were detected. By comparison, 62,000 new cases of prostate cancer in men and 40,000 breast cancer in women were discovered in the same year. Since 2000, the mortality rate has decreased, but still 17,000 deaths have been recorded in 2005.Si the current campaign aims to inform the general population, it primarily targets the age group 50-74 years.

COLORECTAL CANCER.

Indeed, 94% of cancers occur after age 50 . With advances in screening techniques, a 50% on this test would reduce the mortality rate of about 20%. Detected early, cervical cancer can indeed be cured in nine of ten cases. Today, only one in five cases detected at early stage of maladie.Les likelihood of developing the disease vary, again, depending on the individual, the risk is accentuated by family history. At age 55, incidence is rising faster among men than women: in 2000, the median age of diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 72 years for men and 75 for women. Nevertheless, it is strongly advised to regularly monitoring, because the warning signs often remain invisible and early detection significantly increases the chances of survie.Du September 13 to October 14, 2008, the National Cancer Institute (Inca) launches television and radio campaign aimed at informing the public about this cancer that is often forgotten. Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: THOSE 50 TO 74 YEARS INVITED TO SCREENING”

COLORECTAL CANCER: WHICH EXAM FOR THAT?

As part of organized screening, Hem occult test is recommended every two years for anyone 50 to 74 years. But what are the recommendations and what consideration is to be produced in case of symptoms such as individuals or in patients with history of bowel disease?

Colorectal cancer screening by level of risk

At the time of the extension of the national screening program for colorectal cancer , the Ministry of Health reminds the decision tree, that is to say the type of examination and other procedures, depending on the case, and particular depending on symptoms and risk levels of each.

doctor checking

Thus, it is recommended to some people to participate in organized screening, while others will need to comply with more specific tests and / or more frequent. People without symptoms and without particular risk A Hemoccult II is every two years recommended for men and women from 50 years and up to 74 years. If particular symptoms The presence of the following symptoms must push to achieve a colonoscopy: Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: WHICH EXAM FOR THAT?”

CANCERS OF THE UTERUS: DIAGNOSIS

Only the study of cervical tissue sample of the uterus or endometrial allows a definitive diagnosis.

1.The diagnosis of endometrial cancer
2.The diagnosis of cancers of the cervix
3.Learn more about uterine cancer

The diagnosis of endometrial cancer

When symptoms suggest a suspected cancer of the endometrial, the doctor requested tests for confirmation. The diagnosis requires a taking a piece of the uterine wall. It may be a simple biopsy of the endometrial, biopsy or curettage with or without hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is an examination of exploring the inner wall of the body and cervix using a tiny camera (endoscope). It can be done without anesthesia general. When curettage is required, the examination is usually performed in a hospital under anesthesia.

DIAGNOSIS

The uterus is dilated with a gas to allow the insertion of a small sampling instrument. Curettage only takes a few minutes. The recovery takes about a day. However, pain and light bleeding may continue for one week. The tissues are then observed under a microscope. This analysis determines whether the tissue is cancerous or not. Examinations of imaging (CT and MRI) can also be practiced in order to seek a possible spread of the disease to other organs. Continue reading “CANCERS OF THE UTERUS: DIAGNOSIS”

THE OVARIAN CANCER IN 3 POINTS

Relatively infrequent, the ovarian cancer is the 4th largest gynecological cancers. Often it is discovered late because it develops slowly and without specific symptoms. It was then that may be of poor prognosis, hence the need for regular gynecological monitoring.

1.What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?
2.Risk factors of ovarian cancer
3.The diagnosis and treatment

One ovary may be affected, or both. In 80% of cases, tumors of the ovary develop from cells on the surface of the ovary (epithelial cancers). In most other cancers, tumors are derived from germ cells (which develop from cells producing eggs).

THE OVARIAN CANCER

What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?

Early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is difficult because symptoms are nonspecific. Thus it is often detected late, when it extends to adjacent organs (fallopian tubes, uterus) or to other tissues (stomach, liver, intestine). Continue reading “THE OVARIAN CANCER IN 3 POINTS”

HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY CONTINUOUSLY DECREASES THE RISK OF UTERINE CANCER

A recent study, combined hormone replacement therapy for menopause, continuous take, does not increase the risk of uterine cancer. Instead, it would seem protective.

1.The advantages of hormone replacement therapy

At the time of menopause, hormone replacement therapy based on estrogen is prescribed to combat the risks of estrogen deficiency (both short term on the symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes , on the long term aging the skin , arteries, etc..). Estrogens promote the proliferation of endometrial cells, it is recommended to associate with a progestin, which compensates this effect. Thus, the risk of uterine cancer is not increased with the treatment, called “combined” combining estrogen and progesterone. There are two types: continuous or discontinuous engagement (14 days per cycle).

THE RISK OF UTERINE CANCER

A team of researchers studied the effects of continuous combined hormone therapy in postmenopausal women with a cancer of the endometrial (uterine lining) by compared to a control population. Women who received continuous treatment, compared to patients not following any treatment, have a risk of uterine cancer by 0.6. This risk is 0.4 compared to intermittent hormone therapy. Taking continuous hormone substitutive over several years does not increase the risk of endometrial cancer, rather it tends to decrease, showing that combined form (estrogen and progesterone) is continuous in the most advantageous. Continue reading “HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY CONTINUOUSLY DECREASES THE RISK OF UTERINE CANCER”

BONE CANCER, EWING’S SARCOMA

Ewing sarcoma is a bone cancer. This cancer is serious, but the prognosis has been greatly improved thanks to treatment advances in chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

-Ewing’s sarcoma: a primary bone cancer
-Bone cancer: what are the symptoms of Ewing’s sarcoma?
-Ewing sarcoma: sometimes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy but otherwise

EWING'S SARCOMA

Ewing’s sarcoma: a primary bone cancer

Ewing sarcoma is one of the primary tumors of bone, that is to say that cancer cells originate from bone, and that are not met static cancer located elsewhere in another organ. Ewing sarcoma is unique in touch more often men than women. It also develops mainly in children between 10 and 15 years , more rarely in young adults up to age 25. Cancer cells usually reach the long bones like the femur and tibia. Thus Ewing sarcoma most often for the arms and legs, even though this cancer can affect any bone. Continue reading “BONE CANCER, EWING’S SARCOMA”

YOU TAKE THE PILL? YOUR RISK OF OVARIAN CANCER IS DECREASED!

Fairly uncommon, ovarian cancer is daunting because of its poor prognosis. A new study confirms the protective role of oral contraception. The advantage is that even 30 years after stopping the pill, the protection lasts …

1.Against ovarian cancer, gynecologic surveillance is needed
2.One factor that protects against ovarian cancer: oral contraception

Against ovarian cancer, gynecologic surveillance is needed

YOUR RISK OF OVARIAN CANCER

The poor prognosis of ovarian cancer is related to the fact that it is very long asymptomatic and therefore detected late, a late stage. In this context, prevention is a considerable asset. It is recommended that a very regular gynecological monitoring and consult your doctor or gynecologist if signs suggestive (but not specific for ovarian cancer): swelling or tension of the abdomen, feeling of weight on his stomach, and pelvic pain lumbar, needs to urinate, digestive disorders, weight changes, menstrual irregularities, painful intercourse, fatigue, etc.. Continue reading “YOU TAKE THE PILL? YOUR RISK OF OVARIAN CANCER IS DECREASED!”

RED MARKS AND ROUGH ON THE SKIN: AND IF IT WAS CANCEROUS?

Actinic keratosis, you know? This skin condition is characterized by small red-brown lesions and rough, which have the particularity of not cure but to persist for months on the areas most exposed to the sun. However, actinic keratosis can lead to precancerous lesions.

1.Actinic keratosis, it looks like what?
2.What might we do with an actinic keratosis?
3.Who is at risk of actinic keratosis?
4.How to treat actinic keratosis?

RED-MARKS

Actinic keratosis, it looks like what?

Traces red or brown, rough, dry and more or less thick, which appear after middle age, especially in areas that were most exposed to the sun: the face (forehead, nose, eye), chest, back hands, forearms, neck, ears, scalp if hair loss, etc.. They sometimes look like patches of psoriasis or eczema, but they have the distinction of not heal, even after applying a cream containing cortisone. They persist for months. Continue reading “RED MARKS AND ROUGH ON THE SKIN: AND IF IT WAS CANCEROUS?”