An estimated 400 million the number of people today with mental or neurological disorders or suffering from psychosocial problems. According to experts, these diseases, depression in epilepsy, will be the second cause of mortality and disability by 2020.
“Non-exclusion – Yes to care”, such is the slogan of the day of the world Organization of the health, the world health report will be devoted to mental health. 400 million patients
Maladies mentales According to the who, 400 million is the number of people suffering from disorders mental or neurological or suffering from psychosocial problems related to alcoholism or drug addiction. Although attention has been focused on these conditions, much remains to be done. Depression is currently the Fifth cause of death and disability in the world and Dr. Benedetto Saraceno, Director of the Department of mental health, who, it should reach second place by 2020.Stressful urban life.
Men and women are not equal before the depression. Women are more than twice as likely to there face in their lives. The key disease an average of 5 women and “only” a man in ten. In addition, depression, that 340 million people in the world, can appear multiple times in a lifetime. Stressful urban life causes an increase in these figures.
Although treatments, effective in the vast majority of cases, only a small number of these diseases are properly diagnosed. A suitable treatment of depressions would result in consequence a reduction in the number of suicides.
One million suicides
Each year there are 10 million attempted suicides, of which 10% are fatal. At the top, the countries of the former Soviet Union are particularly affected.
Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder. There are between 40 and 50 million patients worldwide, 85% of whom live in developed countries. It is estimated that two million new cases occur each year in the world, but 70 to 80% of people with epilepsy may find a perfectly normal life if they receive appropriate treatment.
Schizophrenia is a severe form of mental illness that affects 7% (seven per thousand) of the adult population. In total, 45 million people worldwide are affected. Treatments exist and are particularly effective in the early stages of the disease, but more than 50% of patients in the world receive by appropriate care.
Access to care
Today, treatments exist and allow patients to lead a normal life in society. Thus, the Agency of the United Nations attempts to by this campaign to focus on certain conditions such as depression, schizophrenia, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, alcoholism and mental retardation, for which there is a mismatch between the available treatments and their access. This awareness is also intended to put an end to the possible reluctance of the company in the treatment and reintegration of patients.