Cancer: how to limit the risks?

Cancer is the disease that makes the most fear, because nobody can feel safe. The most common cancers in women are breast (30%), uterus (12%) and ovaries (4%). More than anything, these cancers can be prevented through regular screening and lifestyle tips.

In an Ifop survey published in November 2000, the cancer appeared as the disease that fear most. It is cited in head in 63% of cases, far before AIDS (39%), cardiovascular diseases (26%), (28%) Alzheimer’s disease Creutzfeld-Jakob (23%) and meningitis (11%). The fear of cancer appears homogeneous, regardless of the age group or sex. Everyone feels potentially concerned. Thus, it appears today useful to recall some prevention tips.

the risk of breast cancer

The importance of screening
For most cancers of women, the importance of screening is crucial. More cancer is detected early, more the chances of cure are high. Through screening by mammography, 50% of breast cancers are detected in the early stages of evolution while the tumor is less than 2 cm. In addition to an increase in the chances of recovery, this early diagnosis allows a use less aggressive treatments. For this cancer, we recommend regular monitoring by your doctor or your gynecologist, every six months or annually over 30 years, and a mammogram every two years over 50 years. Every month, you will need to perform a self-examination of your breasts.

About cancer of the cervix, Pap screening helped to reduce deaths by 70 percent in industrialized countries. And considering that almost 90% of deaths from cancer of the cervix could be prevented by regular screening. You need a Pap smear every three years after two normal tests carried out a year apart. At what age? It is advised to start between 20 to 25 years and up to 70 years and more, as long as you have a sex life.

About ovarian cancer, early detection poses problem. The disease is often detected at an advanced stage. In the early stages, disease is free of symptoms and only the constipation, bloating… constitute an alert. Most of the time, it is cysts without gravity, but the distinction between benign and malignant cysts remains difficult without surgical intervention.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle
Many studies link a hygiene of life to a reduction in the risk of developing cancer. Most often cited councils stress the beneficial effects of a healthy diet, regular physical exercise and the need to stop smoking.

Too abundant food would increase the risk of breast cancer
The much greater incidence of cancer of the breast in developed countries has led Polish researchers1 to look at the influence of the power. How to explain that the Congolese have a breast cancer risk eight times less important than us? According to this study, calorie intake directly affects the concentration of ovarian hormones: estrogen and progesterone produced during the menstrual cycle. However, it appears that concentrations have been associated with an increase in the incidence of breast cancer.

The authors believe that “increased physical activity and a decrease in caloric may therefore lead to the decrease of the concentrations of progesterone and estrogen, leading to a reduction in the risk of breast cancer”.