First, there is a distinction between HIV and AIDS. Most people think of it as one and the same; however, are two separate entities. HIV refers to the human immunodeficiency virus, while AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a disease, while HIV is the virus that causes the disease. A positive HIV test does not mean you have AIDS. HIV attacks the T cells, which are like the infantry of the army, the army of your immune system. The T cells fight all kinds of infections, and if inhibited, infections will invade and thrive in your body, resulting in the diagnosis of AIDS.
Who gets HIV?
There are many ways of contracting HIV and many ways to not get it too. You can not get it hugging an infected person, holding hands, or being in a gated community with a person who has HIV area. You can get HIV by having unprotected sex with an infected person. EL HIV is not visible, so in the absence of a blood test showing negative results, there is no way to know if a person is HIV positive.
HIV is a problem among injecting drug users who share needles. HIV can be transmitted during blood transfusions if the blood supply is infected with the virus. Since 1985, the American blood supply has been screened for HIV and is considered safe. Pregnant women who are infected with the virus can transmit it to their children when the baby passes through the birth canal. Mothers can infect their young children through breast milk, so breastfeeding is contraindicated for HIV positive mothers.
There are telltale symptoms of HIV infection. In other words, if you acquire the virus, do not feel any difference. Some patients may experience symptoms similar to the flu shortly after being exposed to HIV, but these symptoms pass quickly and can take years for HIV affects you. Eventually, the disease occurs in the form of swollen lymph nodes (glands), frequent transient fever, diarrhea, mouth sores and fatigue. As the virus replicates and attacks more and more T cells, opportunistic infections involving life, such as pneumonia and certain rare forms of cancer, taking advantage of the weakened immune system of the body and settle in the patient. Periodic testing for HIV is the only way to know if you have it in the early stages of the disease course.
Treatment of HIV
A positive HIV test is not an immediate death sentence. Former NBA basketball star, star Magic Johnson is a case in point. Before the start of the 1990-1991 basketball season, Johnson announced his teammates and the fans who were HIV positive. However, Johnson continued his career and became an AIDS activist after his retirement from the NBA. There is no cure for HIV, but there are many treatments that help people to live with the disease for longer periods of time. Early detection is the tool most important in the fight against HIV and changes in lifestyle are the best defense.
Prevention / Solution
The safer sex and safe handling of the fluids body infected health care are the main defense against the spread of HIV. HIV can only be contracted through the exchange of fluid body . Education is critical for the prevention of HIV.