Generalization of defibrillators: there is urgency!

ardiac arrest cause 50,000 deaths each year. Against this scourge, the quick use of defibrillators could save many lives. Must be able to access…

Nearly 110 people die each day of cardiac arrest. Facing this vital emergency, every minute that passes reduces the survival rate of 10%. To react quickly and well, better training to first aid actions and quick access to a simple external cardiac defibrillator for use are essential.

Generalization of defibrillators

Objective: Save 10,000 lives a year
Cardio-respiratory arrest is responsible in France from 40 to 50 000 deaths per year. Faced with this scourge and in case of ventricular fibrillation, the issuance of an adequate rapid electrical shock to restore a normal heart rhythm. In the absence of support in less than 10 minutes, the chances of survival are stabilisation. On the other hand, if the victim receives an electric shock during the first minute, they are greater than 90%. And in 70% of cases of cardiac arrest, witnesses are present and may act. It to access to use simple solutions.

At Seattle, where the installation of defibrillators automated or semi-automated external is widespread, the survival rate is estimated between 20 and 30% while it is only 2-3% in France. A recent legislative developments to hope for an improvement of the French situation.90% of the French support the widespread use of defibrillators.

Today, several developments argue for a generalization of defibrillators in public places:Membership of the general public:In the last barometer health Kiria/Philips, 91% of the French say to the compulsory installation of defibrillators in public places. Even if they are only 38% to feel able to use.

Evolution of the legal framework:Since the Decree of May 4, 2007 (Decree n ° 2007-705 on the use of automated external defibrillators by non-medical people and amend the code of public health) every citizen is allowed to use a semi-automated or automated defibrillator external.

Ease of use: Of low weight and small size, automatic or semi-automatic equipment are able to analyse the heart rate prior to the issuance of a life-saving shock have a system preventing potential malfunctions and even assistance to the actions to be carried out by the vocal instructions.

A cost down:A defibrillator costs less than 1500 euros excluding tax. Efficiency widely proven and known to the general public:Multiple case marked the spirits. The French footballer Marco Andriana victim of a cardiac arrest on the ground was saved by a defibrillator. Today he is Godfather of the Train of the heart operation.

Marco Randriana victim of a cardiac malaise-
Subject of the JT France 2 of January 19, 2008
Generalization: isolated initiatives

In France, several experiments were conducted at Montbard (Côte d’Or), in Hyères (Var) and Cabourg (Calvados). All demonstrate that due to the ease of use of recent material, it is possible in less than an hour to learn to use an automatic external defibrillator.

Several initiatives in France are trying to sensitize local communities, businesses and the general public in the interest of generalizing access to these defibrillators in places welcoming public:

The RMC/BFM Association with the help of the Malakoff Médéric group, Philips and the SNCF, and with the assistance of the MEDEF and the French Red Cross, organizes a travelling exhibition in the form of Train Expo. This downtown Train station in 13 cities in France from 7 to October 20, 2008. All information is on the site of the downtown Train.

Rural elders, first network of associations of pensioners and elderly people in France, launched on 8 October “Siren of the heart”, a great movement of solidarity which will take place over two years and which aims to distribute 500 defibrillators of here 2010.

In the summer 2008, other initiatives by RMC/BFM and BP gas stations had also been launched. According to Inserm, a rapid response with the heart massage and the defibrillator could save nearly 5 000 to 10 000 additional lives each year. The dissemination of these defibrillators thus appears to be a public health priority.