The fungus toenails, or onychomycosis, is a contagious infection that may affect one or more nails. This infection produces several obvious symptoms. The affected nail will get yellow or brown, it will become thicker, grow bigger and can smell bad. The cases severe fungal infection can cause the nail to disintegrate or fall. It is difficult to treat these infections, but there are many treatments and medications available without a prescription to treat it.
Rub the affected toenail with tea tree oil undiluted, every day. You can rub the oil on the nail or apply under the nails protruded. The tea tree oil is a powerful antiseptic and fungicide, but may cause irritation to sensitive skin.
Rinse nails with apple cider vinegar after showering and then dry thoroughly with a hair dryer. This will help to cure fungus toenails and prevent the formation of new infection by reducing the pH of the nails.
Dip your nails in a solution composed of 1 part vinegar and 2 water solution. The Mayo Clinic says that dip for 20 minutes a day is usually the right thing, but cautions that there is no strong evidence that the treatment is effective.
Stay barefoot as much time as you can, so you can keep your nails dry and sun exposed feet. The conditions that lead to the development of fungal nails are dark and damp. Avoid walking barefoot in places where you can be exposed to fungal or bacterial infections, such as public showers or around pools.
Disinfect all nail grooming tools after each use to prevent the spread of fungi to other toenails. You can do this easily by rinsing the nail pliers and other tools with alcohol.
Visit your doctor to remove some of the infected nail. This is usually done by cutting the nail with a metal instrument or dissolving pulp with urea and bifonazole.
Apply anti-fungal cream on the nails. Some creams are nonprescription, but are rarely strong enough to cure the infection of nail fungus effectively. Your doctor may prescribe a medicine contact Amorolfine containing ciclopirox or to treat your infection.
If the fungus does not respond to other treatments or to cause great discomfort when walking or you wear your shoes, take an antifungal medication orally. For example itraconazole or terbinafine. Generally, oral medications should be taken for three months or more and some can cause severe side effects.
Become surgically remove the nail. This option is generally used as a last resort, but may be necessary if the fungus continues to spread despite treatment , or if it impedes mobility. According to the American Podiatric Association of the United States, affected toenails can be removed temporarily to allow contact treatment, or can be removed so permanent to prevent the growth of a deformed nail.