Stroke is the leading cause of disability in adults and the second cause of dementia. These sad records reflect the life of patients who will have to relearn daily gestures through a very grueling rehabilitation. Returning to the home will be facilitated by special attention of environment and the use of some material aid.
Our brain can compensate for some damage by activating brain areas until then non-exploited. This extraordinary ability, “brain plasticity” is possible only if it is stimulated intensively and sustainably. It is one of the tasks of rehabilitation.
Start rehabilitation as soon as possible
Reduce complications and neurological sequelae, retrieve the wealth of functions (market, language, manual skill, vision…) are all objectives of the rehabilitation. Earlier it could be implemented and the consequences can be minimized. However, the location of the brain lesion also plays a significant role. The balance sheet will be heavier that it operates in a highly specialized functional area.
During this very trying rehabilitation phase, encouragement from loved ones and progress will have to push the patient to persevere despite the tests. Depending on the disability, different professionals will guide the patient towards greater independence.
Speech-language pathologist must go to the patient the possibility of communication by the oral and written language or other intermediaries (gestures, attitudes, etc.), if the language is impossible;
The physiotherapist and occupational therapist (rehabilitation of manual activities) are working to make his mobility and his ability to the patient. Contrary to belief, it is not by beefing up the members but to restore voluntary control by the brain. To do this, doctors use canes, carpets, bars, games…
The psychologist must also support the frequent depressions, anxiety attacks, anxiety following the stroke. Understanding the living patient, listen what they feel are crucial steps for the restoration of a certain quality of life. Psychological assistance should more often to continue it after the return of the patient to his home.
All of these specialties are United in specialized re-education centres. Unfortunately, the number of places available in these institutions remains inadequate. The return to the home or in long-stay facilities does not same quality of rehabilitation.