Second cancer in women (after breast cancer) and third in men (after lung cancer and prostate cancer), colorectal cancer is very common. Since 2009, cervical cancer screening is widespread throughout France. The goal: to detect this cancer as soon as possible to increase the effectiveness of treatments. And you, what is your risk of colorectal cancer?
What is your age:
You are under 50 years. (0)
Over 50 years to 74 years. (1)
You are over 74 years. (0)
Colorectal cancer mainly affects people over 50 years. That is why the screening program recommends a test every two years, 50 to 74 years (being a cancer that develops slowly, it does not seem essential to continue screening beyond old age ).
Do you have a history of colon cancer in your family?
A person. (1)
Several people. (2)
Any family history of colorectal cancer increases the risk of suffering also.
Do you have a personal or family history of bowel disease (ulcerative colitis)?
A person. (1)
Several people. (2)
Bowel disease or a personal family history increases the risk of colon cancer.
Are you suffering from inflammatory bowel disease?
Yes, a familial polyp sis. (2)
Yes, a Crohn’s disease. (2)
While the newly formed polyps in the rectum or colon cancer are not, however, certain diseases of the intestine, including polyposis rectologique as manifested by numerous polyps, face a high risk of cancer colorectal.
What is your drinking?
I never drink alcohol or rarely. (0)
One to two drinks per day. (1)
Three or more drinks. (2)
From the first drink of alcohol increases cancer risk. Please note that smoking is a risk factor for colorectal cancer.
(2007 Report of the Global Fund against cancer research)
What is your weight?
Slightly overweight. (1)
There is a positive relationship between caloric intake and the risk of developing colorectal cancer. So overweight people are more likely to suffer from this cancer than those of normal weight.
Do you practice a physical activity?
Rarely and irregularly. (2)
Once a week. (1)
Several times a week. (0)
Physical inactivity is an independent factor promoting colorectal cancer.
What is your fat consumption product (meat, butter, sauce, fries, pastries …)?
Small (one quarter of the daily ration). (0)
Average (less than half of the daily ration). (1)
High (more than half of the daily ration). (2)
In addition to increasing calorie intake, the saturated fat found in animal fats promote cholesterol and increase the risk of cancer. Thus, sausages, butter, cream, fatty meat (mutton, offal) and eggs promote colorectal cancer, unlike fats from olive oil, poultry and fish.
What is your consumption of fruits and vegetables ?
2-5 servings a day. (0)
One serving per day. (1)
2-5 servings per week. (2)
Fruits and vegetables are protective foods vis-à-vis colorectal cancer.
Often do you eat red meat?
Several times a week. (1)
Almost once a day. (2)
Consumption of red meat is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. During digestion of red meat, would form radicals some of which are carcinogenic. Attention also to the cooking meat. The high temperatures are also responsible for the formation of carcinogenic compounds (fried, barbecue).
What is your calcium intake and dairy product?
Several servings a day. (0)
Just one serving per day. (1)
Less than one serving per day. (2)
It appears that calcium reduces the incidence of colorectal cancer because it prevents abnormal proliferation of cells on the lining of the colon.