The chronic fatigue syndrome

The chronic fatigue syndrome “I’m tired, always tired, I do not want to do anything …” This is known as chronic fatigue syndrome, or at least could be. He speaks frequently and often without really knowing what it is. We interviewed Prof. John Cristianini, and we shot some of the questions most frequently arrive in on this topic.

There is a chronic fatigue syndrome? Yes there is. In December 1994, an international study group, formed in the United States, was able to publish a definition of this syndrome, which was to replace a previous description of six years earlier. He came to establish, in that occasion that this syndrome is characterized by the presence of symptomatic conditions listed in the following section.

The chronic fatigue syndrome

What’s’ intended for chronic fatigue syndrome? The chronic fatigue syndrome (known in English speaking countries such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) is a disease whose origins are not yet well clarified and that manifests itself in a state of prolonged fatigue (at least over 6 months and often lasting several years) often accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, a sore throat applicant, sleep disturbance, memory loss, musculoskeletal pain.

What are the causes? Physical, psychological? Studies on the causes of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome are still in progress. Many times it happens that the disease is preceded by an infectious disease, a traumatic event or even psychological. And ‘that happened in some patients, but not always, have found high levels of antiviral antibodies. In addition, psychiatric surveys showed that many of these patients also suffer from anxiety neurosis and / or depression, although it must be remembered that 30% of these patients are free from any illness psychiatric conditions.

The conclusion, provisional for now, is that many scholars believe that the syndrome in question represents a different combination of symptoms caused precisely by various clinical factors, and not infectious. Have been suspected numerous viral agents, but does not have at the moment of reliable evidence that there is a relationship between these and the syndrome in question. To complete these observations, epidemiological, however, we can mention the interesting fact that the typical patient most often corresponds to a white woman, aged between 20 and 40 years. In addition, this syndrome is rare in children and is virtually absent in the elderly.

The symptoms listed above may have other causes? When should consult your doctor to rule out more serious causes? The diagnosis of this syndrome, the physician, always requires the demonstration of the absence of other diseases. There are currently, in fact, specific tests that can be used to confirm a diagnosis of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, but it can and must still be carried out numerous tests to rule out other possible diseases that can mimic such a syndrome. We make below some examples of these diseases: thyroid disease, heart disease, kidney disease, liver infection, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, depression, alcohol abuse, drugs, etc. ….

If the “chronic fatigue syndrome” is, what are the cures? Regarding the therapy must be said that there is no known medication that can cure this disease. Those who are affected, however, can benefit from various pharmacological interventions (antivirals, corticosteroids, analgesics, antidepressants, etc …). It must be emphasized that you should always consult your physician, if deemed necessary, will use all investigations and treatments required by the particular clinical case.