The increase in the number of diabetics is all age classes. Contrary to belief, the young are not spared. During the past ten years, there are 75% more patients before the age of 4. Discover the essential childhood diabetes.
The number of cases of diabetes type 1 (insulin-dependent diabetes) varies greatly in children from one country to the other. The incidence is of 0.1 per 100 000 children in China and 36.8 per 100,000 in Finland. In France, this disease is one in 1,000 births. Nearly 10,000 children under 15 years are diabetic.
More and more children affected
Between 1988 and 1997, there was a surge of cases of insulin-dependent diabetes in children: 75% increase in less than 4 years and 30% for those aged 4-14. Conversely, the impact does not seem to grow among 15-19 year-olds. This development is not without consequence, it instead represents a challenge for medicine. Indeed, with diabetes starting in childhood, the length of follow-up is longer and therefore the risk of complications is more important. In addition, generally reserved to the adult type 2 diabetes affects more and more adolescents due to the increasing number of children with obesity.
Causes still blurry
To explain this increase in incidence of type 1 diabetes in children, several hypotheses are advanced.
Hand, it criminalizes environmental and feeding factors. There as well as the number of diabetes cases is inversely proportional to the rate of breastfeeding.
On the other, hygiene factors, the sanitization of the environment of infants may be capable of altering the general immune ground through the digestive system.
Remember that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, that is a reaction of the body attack against its own cells. In this case, the victims are certain cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin, necessary to the good assimilation of sugars by our Organization.
Diabetes to share more than one title
Although he had many points in common with the adult-onset diabetes, several items make this particular childhood illness. The precocity of occurrence and evolution in the long term increase the risk of complications. In addition, the child goes through different key stages. Thus, puberty is a sensitive period of the disease requiring treatment adjustments. Finally, the child not being himself his own therapist, its socio-cultural environment plays by elsewhere an important role in the good management of the disease.