Myocardial infarction remains the leading cause of death. Treating it is a race against the clock, and deaths still occur because it was late to call relief, especially in the early morning.
Myocardial infarction is a clot that forms in one of the arteries that supply the heart. What causes a lack of oxygen to the cells of the heart and the signs well-known: chest pain radiating in the left arm. Eventually, this leads to final damage to part of the heart muscle, the heart muscle wall. If the lesion is too large, the heart will no longer provide its role of pump. In addition, assaulted downtown can get carried away, and death occur by rhythm disorder.
The treatment of myocardial infarction: clogged artery
Treat statement a little plumbing: it must lead the artery. To do this, there are two ways:
Fibrinolysis, which is injected products that will “dissolve” clot. It can be effective in the first hours. It can now be carried out by the UAS to the bed of the patient;
Angioplasty, which is a surgical technique performed in specialized centers. It comes to dilate the artery clogged with a balloon.
If you arrive too late (beyond 6 hours in practice), it will be possible to unclog the artery and can only try to prevent complications.
That is why it is so important to support the heart very quickly. For several years in France, professionals – cardiologists, emergency physicians, general practitioners – are working to meet this challenge. Great strides have been made, and the decrease in deaths during and after hospitalization has been very important.
Unfortunately, the number of deaths prior to arrival at the hospital remains high. Why? Probably in part because the patients you do not soon enough call relief, for fear of disturbing “for nothing” their doctor or the SAMU.
Chest pain in a subject at risk: call immediately the 15
One thing to remember above all. If you have cardiovascular disease risk:
Because there was the stroke in your family;
Because you are a heavy smoker;
Because you have too much cholesterol;
Because you are already of angina…
The statistics of the SAMU show: it’s in the morning that it has the most cardiovascular accident, and is also in the early morning that people take more to call the emergency.