In the coming months, 16 million insured from 50 to 74 years will receive a letter inviting them to an organized colorectal cancer screening. In France, it is the second leading cause of cancer death with approximately 17,000 deaths per year.
Colorectal cancer: 32nd most common cancer
Third that of cancer after prostate and breast cancer, colorectal cancer is common, but remains unknown in France. It contains two types of cancer neighbors, colon cancer and the rectum. In 2005, more than 37,000 new cases were detected. By comparison, 62,000 new cases of prostate cancer in men and 40,000 breast cancer in women were discovered in the same year. Since 2000, the mortality rate has decreased, but still 17,000 deaths have been recorded in 2005.Si the current campaign aims to inform the general population, it primarily targets the age group 50-74 years.
Indeed, 94% of cancers occur after age 50 . With advances in screening techniques, a 50% on this test would reduce the mortality rate of about 20%. Detected early, cervical cancer can indeed be cured in nine of ten cases. Today, only one in five cases detected at early stage of maladie.Les likelihood of developing the disease vary, again, depending on the individual, the risk is accentuated by family history. At age 55, incidence is rising faster among men than women: in 2000, the median age of diagnosis of colorectal cancer was 72 years for men and 75 for women. Nevertheless, it is strongly advised to regularly monitoring, because the warning signs often remain invisible and early detection significantly increases the chances of survie.Du September 13 to October 14, 2008, the National Cancer Institute (Inca) launches television and radio campaign aimed at informing the public about this cancer that is often forgotten. Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: THOSE 50 TO 74 YEARS INVITED TO SCREENING”
As part of organized screening, Hem occult test is recommended every two years for anyone 50 to 74 years. But what are the recommendations and what consideration is to be produced in case of symptoms such as individuals or in patients with history of bowel disease?
Colorectal cancer screening by level of risk
At the time of the extension of the national screening program for colorectal cancer , the Ministry of Health reminds the decision tree, that is to say the type of examination and other procedures, depending on the case, and particular depending on symptoms and risk levels of each.
Thus, it is recommended to some people to participate in organized screening, while others will need to comply with more specific tests and / or more frequent. People without symptoms and without particular risk A Hemoccult II is every two years recommended for men and women from 50 years and up to 74 years. If particular symptoms The presence of the following symptoms must push to achieve a colonoscopy: Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER: WHICH EXAM FOR THAT?”
Relatively infrequent, the ovarian cancer is the 4th largest gynecological cancers. Often it is discovered late because it develops slowly and without specific symptoms. It was then that may be of poor prognosis, hence the need for regular gynecological monitoring.
1.What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?
2.Risk factors of ovarian cancer
3.The diagnosis and treatment
One ovary may be affected, or both. In 80% of cases, tumors of the ovary develop from cells on the surface of the ovary (epithelial cancers). In most other cancers, tumors are derived from germ cells (which develop from cells producing eggs).
What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer?
Early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is difficult because symptoms are nonspecific. Thus it is often detected late, when it extends to adjacent organs (fallopian tubes, uterus) or to other tissues (stomach, liver, intestine). Continue reading “THE OVARIAN CANCER IN 3 POINTS”
A recent study, combined hormone replacement therapy for menopause, continuous take, does not increase the risk of uterine cancer. Instead, it would seem protective.
1.The advantages of hormone replacement therapy
At the time of menopause, hormone replacement therapy based on estrogen is prescribed to combat the risks of estrogen deficiency (both short term on the symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes , on the long term aging the skin , arteries, etc..). Estrogens promote the proliferation of endometrial cells, it is recommended to associate with a progestin, which compensates this effect. Thus, the risk of uterine cancer is not increased with the treatment, called “combined” combining estrogen and progesterone. There are two types: continuous or discontinuous engagement (14 days per cycle).
A team of researchers studied the effects of continuous combined hormone therapy in postmenopausal women with a cancer of the endometrial (uterine lining) by compared to a control population. Women who received continuous treatment, compared to patients not following any treatment, have a risk of uterine cancer by 0.6. This risk is 0.4 compared to intermittent hormone therapy. Taking continuous hormone substitutive over several years does not increase the risk of endometrial cancer, rather it tends to decrease, showing that combined form (estrogen and progesterone) is continuous in the most advantageous. Continue reading “HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY CONTINUOUSLY DECREASES THE RISK OF UTERINE CANCER”
Ewing sarcoma is a bone cancer. This cancer is serious, but the prognosis has been greatly improved thanks to treatment advances in chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
-Ewing’s sarcoma: a primary bone cancer
-Bone cancer: what are the symptoms of Ewing’s sarcoma?
-Ewing sarcoma: sometimes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy but otherwise
Ewing’s sarcoma: a primary bone cancer
Ewing sarcoma is one of the primary tumors of bone, that is to say that cancer cells originate from bone, and that are not met static cancer located elsewhere in another organ. Ewing sarcoma is unique in touch more often men than women. It also develops mainly in children between 10 and 15 years , more rarely in young adults up to age 25. Cancer cells usually reach the long bones like the femur and tibia. Thus Ewing sarcoma most often for the arms and legs, even though this cancer can affect any bone. Continue reading “BONE CANCER, EWING’S SARCOMA”
Fairly uncommon, ovarian cancer is daunting because of its poor prognosis. A new study confirms the protective role of oral contraception. The advantage is that even 30 years after stopping the pill, the protection lasts …
1.Against ovarian cancer, gynecologic surveillance is needed
2.One factor that protects against ovarian cancer: oral contraception
Against ovarian cancer, gynecologic surveillance is needed
The poor prognosis of ovarian cancer is related to the fact that it is very long asymptomatic and therefore detected late, a late stage. In this context, prevention is a considerable asset. It is recommended that a very regular gynecological monitoring and consult your doctor or gynecologist if signs suggestive (but not specific for ovarian cancer): swelling or tension of the abdomen, feeling of weight on his stomach, and pelvic pain lumbar, needs to urinate, digestive disorders, weight changes, menstrual irregularities, painful intercourse, fatigue, etc.. Continue reading “YOU TAKE THE PILL? YOUR RISK OF OVARIAN CANCER IS DECREASED!”
Actinic keratosis, you know? This skin condition is characterized by small red-brown lesions and rough, which have the particularity of not cure but to persist for months on the areas most exposed to the sun. However, actinic keratosis can lead to precancerous lesions.
1.Actinic keratosis, it looks like what?
2.What might we do with an actinic keratosis?
3.Who is at risk of actinic keratosis?
4.How to treat actinic keratosis?
Actinic keratosis, it looks like what?
Traces red or brown, rough, dry and more or less thick, which appear after middle age, especially in areas that were most exposed to the sun: the face (forehead, nose, eye), chest, back hands, forearms, neck, ears, scalp if hair loss, etc.. They sometimes look like patches of psoriasis or eczema, but they have the distinction of not heal, even after applying a cream containing cortisone. They persist for months. Continue reading “RED MARKS AND ROUGH ON THE SKIN: AND IF IT WAS CANCEROUS?”
Bone cancers represent malignancies developing inside the bones. Are differentiated primary cancers of bone, developed from bone cells, secondary cancers of the bones are actually metastases of another cancer in another part of the body.
-Bone cancer may be the result of bone metastases of another cancer
-Secondary bone cancer bone pain and fractures
-The diagnosis of secondary bone cancer
-Treatments depend on the origin of cancer remote
Bone cancer may be the result of bone metastases of another cancer
Secondary bone cancers are actually bone metastases from cancer of another organ, such as a prostate cancer, thyroid, breast, kidney, lung, etc.. In other words, they are localized cancer that eventually spread to invade the bone, destroying it little by little. Cancer can spread to any bone but they generally do not exceed the elbows and knees. This type of bone cancer, Su bone metastases is called a secondary bone cancer. Continue reading “WHAT IS A SECONDARY BONE CANCER? WHEN A CANCER CAUSING ANOTHER CANCER …”
Second cancer in women (after breast cancer) and third in men (after lung cancer and prostate cancer), colorectal cancer is very common. Since 2009, cervical cancer screening is widespread throughout France. The goal: to detect this cancer as soon as possible to increase the effectiveness of treatments. And you, what is your risk of colorectal cancer?
What is your age:
You are under 50 years. (0)
Over 50 years to 74 years. (1)
You are over 74 years. (0)
Colorectal cancer mainly affects people over 50 years. That is why the screening program recommends a test every two years, 50 to 74 years (being a cancer that develops slowly, it does not seem essential to continue screening beyond old age ).
Do you have a history of colon cancer in your family?
A person. (1)
Several people. (2)
Any family history of colorectal cancer increases the risk of suffering also. Continue reading “WHAT IS YOUR RISK OF COLORECTAL CANCER?”
The screening program for colorectal cancer is for all people aged over 50 years. Diagnosed early, it can be cured in more than 9 out of 10. However, there are cases of inheriting the cancer colorectal requiring special care including a consultation with a geneticist.
1.The high incidence of colorectal cancer
2.Aggravating factors and protective for colorectal cancer
3.Genetic predisposition for colorectal cancer
4.The colorectal cancer screening
When colorectal cancer is detected early, the chances of recovery above 90%. Mass screening using the Hem occult II ®, now organized throughout the country, to identify early colorectal cancer and thus significantly improve the prognosis of the patient. Operation “Blue March” aims to further sensitize the population on this screening too little follow-up since the national participation rate over the period 2009-2010 is 34% (1). Continue reading “COLORECTAL CANCER AND GENETIC PREDISPOSITION”