Mental illness, second leading cause of mortality in 2020

An estimated 400 million the number of people today with mental or neurological disorders or suffering from psychosocial problems. According to experts, these diseases, depression in epilepsy, will be the second cause of mortality and disability by 2020.

“Non-exclusion – Yes to care”, such is the slogan of the day of the world Organization of the health, the world health report will be devoted to mental health. 400 million patients

Mental illness

Maladies mentales According to the who, 400 million is the number of people suffering from disorders mental or neurological or suffering from psychosocial problems related to alcoholism or drug addiction. Although attention has been focused on these conditions, much remains to be done. Depression is currently the Fifth cause of death and disability in the world and Dr. Benedetto Saraceno, Director of the Department of mental health, who, it should reach second place by 2020.Stressful urban life. Continue reading “Mental illness, second leading cause of mortality in 2020”

Diseases of stress

Fatigue, irritability… or even cramps and rheumatism: stress can sometimes cause adverse reactions. These effects are more or less serious, according to the event that provokes and resistance to anxiety. Overview of stressful life events and the consequences for health.

Les maladies du stressStress is a normal reaction of the body. It allows to face some unforeseen events or to adapt to significant changes. However, it may be linked to so-called “adaptation” diseases. They appear when our Organization is more to address ongoing and repetitive tensions. Note that stress creates in him only no pathology. It will instead be at the origin of the evolution of certain pre-existing conditions such as asthma, migraine, diabetes, etc.

Diseases of stress

Alarm signal

When our body is under too much stress, he first pull the alarm. If you are experiencing one or more of the following signs, perhaps it is time to reduce the tensions that surround you:

Fatigue, especially upon waking, which has not been repaired by the sleep;
-Sleep disorders;
– Anxiety;
– Irritabilite;
– Nervousness;
– Rheumatism: joint pain, arthrosis, periarthrite;
– Muscle contractions, including neck or back aches and cramps;
-Sexual disorders with decreased libido;
-Loss of memory: forgetfulness, error.

Various violations

If you have not been able to listen to your body, excess stress can cause real health problems, which depend on your background and your possible predisposition. In women, it is manifested by anxiety, obsession and depression. The men for their somatisent more: ulcers, cardiovascular disorders and sexual problems… In General, can identify certain “diseases” that are often correlated with too much stress:

-Digestive diseases: spasms, dry mouth, bloating, diarrhea, gastritis, ulcers, colopathies;
– Cardiovascular: palpitations, pain, gene in the breast, hypertension, angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.
Viral or microbial infections to repetition due to a decrease in -immune defenses;
Skin infections: eczema, buttons red, psoriasis, herpes, fall of hair, -itching;
Gynaecological disorders: delay or absence of rules, benign diseases of the breast.

Too much stress?

Of course, these problems can occur in the absence of any voltage. But if you regularly encounter one of these headaches, feel free to search for possible stressors, to avoid them. Whether stressful events are the cause of your health problems, do not hesitate to make our test are you too stressed out?

The words that remain on the tip of the tongue

Nothing more annoying than a word which is hung on the tip of the tongue. It is all about in a corner of our head and yet it does not not out. We remember its meaning, its form General and even sometimes terms like him. And yet, nothing has. American psychologists today provide an explanation for this curious phenomenon. To prevent these memory holes, it appears that as the form, the word speaks with a bit of exercise.

It is hardly pleasant to decide a known Word and while particularly when this occurs in a lively conversation or during a working meeting. Frustrating and even embarrassing! Therefore, the terms lost in our memory top point interested psychologists and linguists. Scientists usually consider that this block resulted from a defect of transmission between the intellectual areas of the brain the idea of the word and those who are responsible more prosaically to find the form.


Find good transmissions

Two American psychologists, Lori e. James of the University of California in Los Angeles and Deborah M. Burke of College Pomona come confirm this mechanism from two experiments. The first had 72 volunteers, consisting half of students and the rest of the elderly while the second included 36 participants of varying age. Continue reading “The words that remain on the tip of the tongue”

Substantially on the blood donation

Ageing of the population, increase in the requirements… Each year, 500,000 people need labile blood products for surgical procedures, treatment of hematological diseases but also of cancer or of deliveries. The gift of blood is indispensable and irreplaceable to save lives. Not less than 500 000 patients are treated by drugs derived blood each year in France. To help, a single action: give blood.

Who can give blood?

Don de sang All persons aged 18 to 65 can give blood. It is sufficient to be in good health and not have been in a situation considered risks (travel in some foreign countries, unprotected sex…) in the months before the donation. Dental care and certain medications can cause a temporary contraindication to blood donation. Blood donation is done exclusively in fixed sites of the establishment French blood or mobile collections held in companies, municipalities, administrations and universities in all regions. On the site, you will discover the precise location of places of collections (173 fixed sites, nearly 39 000 mobile collections) via the heading “which way?”. In addition, the user now has the opportunity to select up to 4 places to be kept informed by email of future collections.

blood donation

Regardless of the location of the collection (collection mobile or fixed site), blood donation takes place in four steps according to the Ministerial Decree of 10 September 2003 which defines good transfusion practices: Continue reading “Substantially on the blood donation”

Tired buzzers: Beware of sleep apnea!

Sleep apnea are more common than we think! 4 to 8% of the population would be concerned. And these nocturnal respiratory cases are a real threat to health. The responsible PR. Jean-Louis Racineux, of the Department of Pneumology at the CHU of Angers is one of the organizers of the day national apnea of sleeping. He developed for Doctissimo on this disease that strikes at night.

The sleep apnea is not a problem to ignore. This disorder results in short breathing stops during the night. Long term, the poor oxygenation of the body causes heart problems, high blood pressure and the risk of myocardial infarction. Screening, treatment… Pr Jean-Louis Racineux answers our questions.

Beware of sleep apnea

Doctissimo: Are sleep apnea now better detected?

Apneas sommelier. Racine: The number of consultations for sleep apnea increases regularly for a few years. Because the public is better informed and this disorder better diagnosed by doctors. But there are still many patients who ignore. It is estimated that 4% of the population suffer from this syndrome, but the exact figure would be closer to 8%. Apneas affect as many chronic diseases such as asthma or diabetes world! Should therefore further strengthen public information and train practitioners to the identification of the symptoms. Similarly, should be given more human and material resources to services of pneumology, today totally overloaded. Because it is at the hospital will be the diagnosis, after a full night of sleep recording. Continue reading “Tired buzzers: Beware of sleep apnea!”

Proper use of the drug

Whatever the means, the important point is not to forget to take the treatment that you ordered your doctor. Here are a few tips to help you.

If one of us has ever wondered if he had taken the drug, he throws the hand. Certainly lying. Either, it has a few tips. Everyone can find his own stuff. Here are some that offer physicians and pharmacists that we interviewed.

use of the drug

Small stuff

For drugs to be while you are not sick, those that can remember a time without putting his life in danger, as the birth control pill, a treatment against cholesterol, etc., the easiest is to “somewhere in the House which is compulsory every day, even if it is not quite at the same time”. This place can be bath room, next to his toothbrush, the sugar bowl where the small demeanor… secretes Attention however, if you have children, never leave medicine within their reach. Continue reading “Proper use of the drug”

when the dialog pays

Observance… in the middle-ages, this word meant the action to observe a religious rule! Reflect today the wish of physicians to see their followed scrupulously, requirements such as the words of Saint Bernard? This applied discipline is of crucial importance for the individual and for the health of the population.

Pr Jean Doucette (Rouen) defines compliance as “the adequacy between the recommendations of the doctor and the behaviour of the patient, it concerns both tracking the prescription of medicines that boards and planning of care.” “It is also not followed treatments than drugs taken in excessive doses than prescribed”.

Sometimes consequences serious

the health

However, two thirds of the requirements are not strictly respected: less time, less often in taken grouped in hourly irregulars… everything is possible, and for multiple diseases: AIDS has largely contributed to the dissemination of the word, with 30-40% of people “not observances”. All chronic conditions are concerned, since the symptoms are not apparent: high blood pressure, diseases metaboliques… In asthma, treatment noncompliance faces extremely serious consequences in the very short term: three quarters of asthmatic patients emergency admissions could be avoided and most of the deaths are related to deficient observance. Continue reading “when the dialog pays”


We search, we check, we test, scientists continue to study possible health risks of mobile phones. Remember, he is regularly suspected of increasing the frequency of brain tumor.

-In search of a possible tumor
-Tumor rather on one side than the other?

In search of a possible tumor

Some think that we are relentlessly for several years to detect brain tumors related to the intensive use of mobile phones. Others believe that it applies to legitimately and conscientiously check their innocuite. Mais regardless of which side one takes, studies come since the 90s, when an increased incidence of lymphomas has been demonstrated in rats exposed to magnetic fields.


But so far, except a few trials discussed scientifically and methodologically, the results are consistent with a lack of increased risk of brain tumors in mobile. Portent enthusiasts, a new study led the research as far and sown doute. Etant given the rarity of brain tumors, or gliomas, this is what we call a case-control study, which compares the phone habits of a population of patients with glioma a control population free of tumor. The first group included nearly 1,000 subjects, in whom a brain tumor was diagnosed between late 2000 and early 2004. The control group consisted of about 1,700 people. Extensive data on their use of mobile phone were collected: date of commencement of use, frequency, aircraft type, analog or digital, etc.. Continue reading “BRAIN TUMORS AND MOBILE PHONE: THE DOUBT PERSISTS …”


Tropical diseases are numerous and dangerous. The first major principle is to know before they go on recommended vaccinations and preventive treatments to go. The second is to apply to the return travel: any unexplained fever should suggest a cause malaria and consultation without delay.

1.Before the trip: what are the recommended vaccinations?
2.Return advice immediately if fever
3.For more information


How you travel back in good health and still healthier? It is the goal of travel medicine, highly specialized discipline that must juggle tropical infectious diseases. It has two essential weapons: vaccinations and preventive treatments, which doctors call as “prophylactic”. Continue reading “TROPICAL TRIP: TWO KEY PRINCIPLES”

High heat and medicines

Since the 2003 heat wave, health authorities were better studied the links between drugs and large heat. Can drugs aggravate the effects of the thermometer? How store them?… The answers with Anne Castor health products safety agency.

In August 2003, the France was going through an unprecedented heat wave and 15 000 elderly people died. In order to avoid that such a tragedy does not happen again, the French Agency of sanitary safety of health products (Afssaps) provided an update on the proper use of drugs for heat wave1.

High heat and medicines

Some medications to monitor

Excessive heats asked the Organization an effort of adaptation, particularly challenging for vulnerable people: older children, infants, people with underlying diseases (particularly cardiovascular, renal, and neuropsychiatry) or critiques… Continue reading “High heat and medicines”