Gestures of emergencies: where to train?

Different organizations provide Attestation of training in first aid (AFPS), which allows to obtain the diploma of first aid. Next to the French Red Cross and firefighters, include other associations whose status follows the law of 1901, the order of Malta, the Civil Protection and a myriad of small organizations such as the white cross.

The certificate of formation to first aid
What the body of the AFD is little or less the same, because he obeyed a Government order of 1991 relating to the first-aid training. This learning can be followed from the age of 10 years. At this age, muscle strength starts to become sufficient to perform an external cardiac massage.

Gestures of emergencies

The Red Cross, these courses cost between 38.11 and €53,36 uros (or between 250 and), but those in financial difficulty will be able to follow them for free. They last from eight to ten hours and are provided, as appropriate, in the form of full days, sessions on weekends or two hours during the night. Continue reading “Gestures of emergencies: where to train?”

Cardiac defibrillator: 4 minutes to save lives!

More than 40 000 people die each year in France of a cardiac arrest. Several thousand of them could be saved by a defibrillator. A campaign stresses the relevance of their generalization in public places.

Between 40 to 60 000 people die each year in France of a cardiac arrest. However, if the defibrillators were more widespread in public places, thousands of lives could be saved. But today a THS Healthcare survey, 9 out of 10 French know what a defibrillator but more than a third of them are not ready to use it. In order to educate the public and Government, several initiatives were initiated to facilitate access to such devices and better train the public.

Emergency cardiac defibrillation

Act quickly in the event of cardiac arrest
Cardiac arrest occur in 70% of cases before one or more witnesses1. But the speed of the response is vital, each minute decreases by 10% the chances of survie1. The campaign of the RMC – BFM association therefore insists on the need to respond quickly through a film of awareness for the spread of defibrillators. Continue reading “Cardiac defibrillator: 4 minutes to save lives!”

Improve stroke

No less than 130 000 accidents strokes occur each year. At the end of the first month, about 20% of patients die while 75% of survivors have permanent sequelae. It is the leading cause of disability acquired from adults, often aged in Western countries. With the increase in life expectancy, this disease will take in the next few years an unprecedented magnitude. To cope, a restructuring of its management is necessary.

The stroke is an abrupt shutdown of the blood flow to the brain. Cerebral vascular accidents (CVAS) are mostly due either to a clot in the artery (is the case three times out of four), hemorrhage, is kind of breach of the walls of the vessel. The ageing of the population suggests an increase in incidence and the burden of this disease for the company.

Improve stroke

Reform the Organization of care
For several years, the experts point out the vital interest of the stroke as an extreme emergency, such as myocardial infarction. Only radiological tests to distinguish the type of strokes and thus to choose the appropriate treatment. The treatment of the stroke requires a multidisciplinary support. Continue reading “Improve stroke”

First national plan to combat cardiovascular disease

First dated, this three-year plan is an unparalleled scale. With a budget of 30 million to€ uros, the Ministry of health proposes to reduce 20% of cardiovascular diseases over the next ten years.

Although his following a skiing accident, the Minister of health Bernard Kouchner has plans of public health at the speed of a sprinter. This time, the France is developing the first national program of cardiovascular risk reduction. And the Minister the announcement clearly: “if we should remember that a public health plan, this would be it!”.

First national plan to combat cardiovascular disease

Public health priority
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in France with almost 180 000 deaths per year. No fewer than 120,000 people are treated each year for myocardial infarction and 130 000 for a stroke. And 20 million people are affected by these diseases prevention approaches. The origin of this carnage, the risk factors are identified: tobacco, physical inactivity and obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, too high levels of lipids in the blood. The new national program proposes to consider prevention as a whole. Continue reading “First national plan to combat cardiovascular disease”

Polypill, remedy miracle or vast deception?

Reduce the leading cause of mortality by 80%! This is the incredible announcement of two British researchers. The solution is to be found in the combination of several medicines known cardiovascular disease. But after the hope, the “polypill” is today in the heart of a controversy.

The announcement of a compound able to eradicate cardiovascular disease left bode well to the discovery of a new unique compound. But in reality, the long-awaited cure could be that a clever mix of existing drugs.


A carefully measured cocktail
Presented as the most important article published for 50 years by the prestigious British Medical Journal1, the work of researchers at the University of London Nicholas Ward and Malcolm2 Law undoubtedly constitute an event. Authors went through various studies of large magnitude (meta-analyses) and followed by population, comprising altogether 750 therapeutic trials on more 400 000 people! Continue reading “Polypill, remedy miracle or vast deception?”

The research against the bad cholesterol

How to reduce the level of bad cholesterol and increase good? This cruel dilemma researchers rely on several factors. In addition to the search for new drugs, they were able to focus on prevention: nutrition and physical activity. But for young victims of cardiac accident, the cause of the problem might be genetic.

Blood cholesterol is transported by the lipoprotein (FAT + protein). Certain lipoproteins, LDL, favour the formation of the atherosclerotic plaque that can lead to a blood flow filling and a heart attack or a stroke.

bad cholesterol

Others are rather beneficial because they allow the elimination of excess cholesterol in the cells: these are the HDL or good cholesterol. Protect from cardiovascular disease and reduce the risk of heart attacks. Continue reading “The research against the bad cholesterol”

Good cannabis for the heart?

The main active compound in cannabis may prevent the accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries. Called atherosclerosis, this phenomenon may lead to heart attack or strokes. No question to make an apology for the seal, it is very low doses!

Despite its pain, cannabis remains little studied and little used by physicians. But a new discovery could permanently cut the grass under the feet of the therapeutic use of critics. Very low doses may prevent cardiovascular disease.

Good cannabis for the heart

Reduce the harm caused by atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is characterized by the buildup on the walls of the arteries of fat (lipid deposits) deposits forming atheroma plates, mainly composed of cholesterol. These plates more often accumulate in the large arteries (coronary arteries, brain…). This process is also marked by the intervention of the cells of the immune system. Come to repair the damaged vessels1, they cause inflammation. Result: This cascade of events causes a loss of elasticity and a narrowing of the vessels. The blood circulation is made difficult and can contribute to the formation of a clot (thrombosis), resulting sometimes in a myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular accident (stroke). Continue reading “Good cannabis for the heart?”

The pacemakers in ten questions

More than 40,000 cardiac pacemakers or pacemakers, are implanted each year in France. Do not be afraid of this small device will save lives and that has benefited many technical improvements in recent years. Some answers to questions you might still have to pacemakers.

1. What is a pacemaker?
As its name suggests, this device is used to stimulate the heart rhythm. It is used when the heart rate slows too much. The pacemaker box contains electronic circuits that are powered by a battery. With these components, the device analyses throughout the day the heart beat, detects the occurrence of abnormalities and, when they occur, triggers electrical stimulation that determines a heartbeat and prevents the possible emergence of a syncope. The pacemaker is thus action if the heart rate falls below a threshold, previously specified frequency, often 60 beats per minute. Some pacemakers are also equipped with a memory which offers the possibility to record information about the heart operation.

The pacemakers

2 – A destined pacemakers?
Heartbeat slowdowns are common in people who are getting older and may be related to underlying heart disease or not. With age, cardiac electrical activity, arising in the Atria can thus be less regularly or the transmission of electric impulses may be less efficient from the Atria to the ventricles of the heart. Cardiologists offer installing a pacemaker when the cardiac slowing can be corrected by medications alone. Continue reading “The pacemakers in ten questions”

Do forget your medications!

Regardless of the medium used, the important thing is to remember to take the treatment that you prescribed your doctor. Here are a few tips to help you.

If one of us does never wondered if he took his medication, he raises his hand. He certainly lies. Or is it there are a few tricks. In fact, everyone can find his own stuff. Here are some that offer physicians and pharmacists we interviewed.

Do forget your medications!

Small stuff
Medicines should be taken while you are not sick, those that we can forget about once without putting his life at risk, such as birth control pills, a treatment for cholesterol, etc., the easiest way is to “somewhere in the House through which it passes must be every day, even if it is not quite at the same time”. This place may be the bathroom, next to his toothbrush, the sugar bowl where the sugar substitutes of breakfast… Attention however, if you have children, never leave medication at their fingertips. Continue reading “Do forget your medications!”

Have the voltage to the retirement

Until very recently, it was considered as normal as tension increases with age and to have, for example, voltage at 70 17 and 18 to 80 years.

The normal voltage of a subject is more than 14 to the figure the highest and 9 for the figure bottom. It tends to rise with age, but it is now accepted that should not let it exceed certain values, even in the elderly.

voltage to the retirement

A problem often underestimated
After 60 years, there are 4 out of 10 people have too much power, and that a third of them do not treat. Excess voltage at this age is generally somewhat unusual: it is more often a systolic hypertension. In measuring the voltage, only the digit above, relating to the systolic pressure, is too high (the lowest number indicates Meanwhile diastolic pressure). The voltage after 60 years can be very variable: sometimes too high, sometimes low, especially after eating. When she becomes really too low, you can feel a discomfort, or even lose consciousness. Continue reading “Have the voltage to the retirement”