How to train the brain to chronic pain

With meditation, guided imagery and hypnosis you can reduce stress and focus your mind away from the hassles. These alternative methods have crossed into mainstream medicine as effective ways to manage chronic pain without drugs. The techniques are simple to explain, but it may seem hard to do at first. In meditation, for example, you concentrate on one sound or thought, while blocking all others is harder than it looks.

block pain



In meditation, breathe slowly and deeply and focus on a single action.
Meditation is used to calm the mind by removing a torrent of thoughts and by focusing on one thing: breathing in and out, a sound like “om”, a short wish blessings to the world or the numbers 1 through 9 timed according to the breath. Sit in a quiet and comfortable place with no distractions. Close your eyes. Choose a focal point and think only of that. Breathe slowly and deeply. As other thoughts appear, but realize your center again. The longer the better meditation, but five minutes is fine for a beginner. Meditation should be done every day and it will become easier to block out the world, to reduce pain and stress and gain a sense of well being. Continue reading “How to train the brain to chronic pain”

How to use a mantra

Life can be busy even chaotic at times, and for this reason can seem impossible to find time to meditate. If you can find 15 minutes or more to meditate, find at least part of your day to fill with peace and quiet. Add the use of a mantra can make this part of your day even more beneficial, since the mantra is a very personalized form of meditation.


A traditional Buddhist mantra is “Om mani padme hum”.
Memorize your mantra. You can use as a traditional Buddhist mantra “Om mani padme hum”. You may prefer to sing a mantra that is simply a sound that creates a vibration as “Aum”. You can also use a phrase that is personal and will help, like “I’ll be good for me today. ” As the use of mantras is a form of meditation, it is a personal experience, so you must use the mantra that works best for you.

use a mantra

Your quiet should be anywhere that you find peace and tranquility.
Find a place to wear your mantra. Find a place where you can be still and quiet for 30 minutes , or as much as you can in a given time. Early morning or late at night when others are asleep, it may work better for you. To use your mantra more effectively, you should avoid being disturbed. Continue reading “How to use a mantra”

Mantras inspiring weight loss

A mantra is a phrase that a person is repeated aloud or silently to herself with the aim of helping to achieve something. In other words, a mantra is a positive way to verbalize what you want. For weight loss, an inspirational mantra can help you stay on track and focus on the positive instead of thinking negative.

Positive examples
Always express your mantras at the present time. So, instead of saying “I’ll be able to fit into size 6 clothes in a few months,” say “I look good in my size 6 clothes.” You can use very specific mantras, as the previous example, or you can say something more general, like “All my clothes fit perfectly on my thin body beautiful”. You can even be more general saying: “I do not just look good and feel good, I am also healthy and fit, with a lot of energy.”

weight loss

Overcoming Negativity
According to cognitive psychology, we create the problems we experience in life because we believe things that are not true. For example, you might think you do not have the willpower to succeed on a diet. However, you can counteract this cognitive challenge by stating “I’ve been able to keep my diet for 21 days, and I can keep doing it.” You could also believe that you can not stand being hungry. You could overcome this thought by saying: “My hunger is only temporary, and I can eat something healthy like fruit or raw vegetables to feel better.” Another common problem of dieters is the idea that they can not stick with a diet for a long period of time. To combat this thought, you just tell yourself that you just have to eat this way today. Use this same statement every day, and be able to stick with your diet for the rest of your life. Continue reading “Mantras inspiring weight loss”

Meditation techniques of Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee, one of the best names in martial arts, was a staunch advocate of meditation. His philosophy of meditation, in his own words, was “Empty your mind, do not be so, have no body. Like water If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup, if you put it in a bottle, becomes the bottle, if you put it in a teapot, teapot is. Water can flow and beat. Be water, my friend “. In kung fu , development is thought so important internal and external.
Meditation technique of Bruce Lee

Meditation technique
The meditation technique of Bruce Lee is known as qigong, chi kung also called, which turns on the concept of chi, which is believed to be the universal energy, or what Bruce Lee called “vital force.” In meditation, chi spans every part of the body through breathing exercises and slow, graceful movements that involve the whole body, thus to develop the inner strength and mental focus.


The most common meditation exercise is by respiration. Empty your mind of all thoughts and focus on the chi. The process is done by inhaling and exhaling, and holding my breath. When you inhale, the language should be lifted to the upper palate, and when you exhale, the language should be in its normal position. First, you have to inhale and visualize the chi entering your head and down to below your navel, and then exhale while visualizing the chi increase in the navel area. It is an iterative process that’s been about 10 minutes a day to increase the “life force” in your mind and your body.


One of his meditation techniques is the “Circle of Fear”, in which you view one circle surrounding you, and the distance from the circle around you is the one with your leg when you give a side kick. This technique helps you to control your fear, because anything that matters to a person, a thing or a situation, while outside the circle, you are safe from it.

Why is it important
Meditation is important in martial arts because it helps improve personal discipline. Because it promotes self through intense concentration and the ability to listen to your inner self as you can see at once what is happening around you, it is considered very important and an instrument for great martial arts skills.


The qigong is also known to prevent and cure diseases, based on traditional Chinese beliefs. Additionally, this particular type of meditation helps reduce stress effectively, because it decreases the production of cortisol, the hormone that produces stress and lactate blood , which is responsible for feelings of anxiety.

Neurostimulation against Parkinson’s disease

It is possible for several years to improve the symptoms of patients with Parkinson’s disease by stimulating deep brain area. This surgical procedure is not available to all patients. Benefits, indications, techniques … Doctissimo an update.

This method is now practiced in over twenty centers in France and concern 300 new patients each year.
Neurostimulation: a beautiful story.
Neurostimulation is a beautiful scientific history, which began with experimental work. The researchers knew that the injury sub-thalamic nucleus (particular area of the brain) improves Parkinson’s symptoms in monkeys. But to go from this observation to the development of neurostimulation, it took two innovations, as recalled Prof. Agid the Salpêtrière (Paris), at the 7th International Forum on Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson's  disease

“Researchers from Bordeaux showed that poses an electrode supplied with electric current in the brain of an animal used to suppress parkinsonian symptoms caused. These results were immediately taken by the team of Prof. Benabib and Pollak in Grenoble , who has applied to the brain of the patient.’s great trick was to use a pacemaker to transform the transient effect in permanent effect on the deep brain structures. ” Continue reading “Neurostimulation against Parkinson’s disease”


Who has never heard of Parkinson’s disease? Many famous and patients participated in the mediation of this disease. Rightly, we believe it is limited to tremors. Similarly, treatments and therapeutic strategies often remain unknown. Doctissimo reviews the medications used to treat this disease …

Of unknown cause, Parkinson’s disease is characterized by a weakening of the amounts of dopamine in the brain. This neurotransmitter is essential for communication between nerve cells it. This lack leads to a lack of coordination between different brain areas involved in the control of skeletal muscles, that is to say the so-called voluntary muscles (muscles that are controlled). No treatment to cure the disease exists to this day but it is nevertheless possible to delay its development.

medi-cal definition

Pharmacological point of view, it is possible to increase the amount of dopamine in the brain or to fight against the consequences of its failure on the balance of great pharmacological systems of our body. The drugs used are antiparkinsonian . There are also surgical treatment gives good results in some cases. Continue reading “Antiparkinsonian”

50 years of childbirth without pain

Created initially for the Steelworkers, the maternity ward of the Bluets in Paris has become the reference for painless childbirth. But since the 1950s, the preparation at birth has deeply changed. For Dr. Evelyne Petroff and Danielle Sfoggia today the accompaniment should be customized and fostering dialogue. They respond to issues of Doctissimo.

Doctissimo: Bluets surrogacy was pioneer in childbirth without pain. What developments experienced by this method?

Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: Childbirth without pain has been developed by Dr. Fernand Lamaze and his team, after attending a birth in the former USSR. This method is based on two pillars. The first is pedagogical: it comes to learn the mother-to-be how birth, just as it would teach him to swim. Be given particular notions of anatomy. In the 1950s, pedagogy through lectures, and metallurgical workers ‘returning on the benches of the school”. The other pillar of the program is a physical component. It was based on the work of Pavlov at the time: it was of “deconditioning” women to suffer during childbirth. This happening by associate contraction with breathing to oxygenate baby, rather than associate it with pain.

childbirth without pain

This method was very controversial. In the 1970s, M. Leboyer added the concept of softness of the baby home. Light, gestures… the Leboyer method advocates a birth without violence. Then there was the arrival of the epidural in the 1980s, heavily dosed at the time. Women felt more nothing. They were passive, while Lamaze approach was intended to make them active. Need to find a balance between pain reduction and the involvement in its delivery.

Doctissimo: Precisely, how do you manage to find this balance?
Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: Our goal is not to control the pain at all costs but to accompany women in what they wish to: singing, breathing, epidural dosed mini… We have women who opt for a method, and then change their mind along the way. Our support for the mother-to-be is refined. We are not aiming a kind “of ideal childbirth”, but what is best for each. But we keep the two pillars of the Lamaze, teaching method and physical approach. We give ourselves the means to propose more human accompaniments, favouring dialogue and Exchange. Thus, the educational part is done by classes diversified, with not more than 10 persons, from the 4e month of pregnancy. Because every woman is unique, and each baby is unique.

Doctissimo: But how do you manage to propose a personalised welcome, while most maternity wards are experiencing a real crisis?

Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: First, it is true that we do not problem pregnancies. This allows us to concentrate on coaching. In addition, we work in network. Many doctors general practitioners and gynaecologists are related to our maternity to extend the monitoring. We regularly offer training.

Doctissimo: What is the profile of women who give birth at you and what methods of painless childbirth are preferred?
Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: We give birth to 1,750 babies each year. But we do not have detailed data on the most methods. Because as I told you, many women change along the way. But in General, 70 to 80% of women are opting for a preparation for childbirth. Those who do not follow have often already practiced a technique they know. Or there may be other cultures, which will have specific approaches. With regard to the profile of expectant mothers, we welcome women of all backgrounds, of all socio-professional categories.

Doctissimo: Within your maternity, the father there a privileged position?
Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: The father was always present during childbirth. But it is true that in the mid-1970s, there was a very militant movement so he attended the birth, cut the cord… Today, there is a return to more reason. Father occurs depending on what it is willing to do, there is no obligation. But there is a genuine work of the team, to make fathers feel welcomed as part of the adventure. They are welcome everywhere: in consultation, ultrasound, in preparation (“words of men” interview them is devoted), childbirth (even during caesarean sections) and in puerperium throughout the day.

Doctissimo: Under your auspices, a birth House will soon see the light of day?
Dr. Petroff and Sfoggia: This House of birth is expected in 2006. Attention, it is not an extension of motherhood the Bluets, but an autonomous structure, which will occur the liberal midwives. It will be attached to our maternity. The goal is to offer women a yet more custom tracking, and delivery “at home”. Because it is now almost impossible to give birth at home.

Keratitis, ulcer, abscess of cornea

The cornea, this fine transparent membrane covering the pupil and iris, is fragile. His injuries, whether they are superficial (keratitis) or more deep (ulcers), pose an infectious risk (corneal abscess) or poor healing, engaging Visual prognosis.

Related to the projection of liquid or solid particles in the eye, favored by dry eye and contact lenses, the keratitis, ulcers and corneal abscess are extremely common and can occur at any age. The Pr Christophe Baudouin *, ophthalmologist, returns on the warning signs and taking care of these pathologies.

abscess of cornea

A red and painful eye sign the ulcer of the cornea
Corneal ulcer, also called ulcerative keratitis, is an infringement of the surface of the eye, at the level of the essential vision transparent layers. It is an intermediate injury between the relatively superficial keratitis and corneal perforation. If there is infection, one speaks of abscess of cornea. Continue reading “Keratitis, ulcer, abscess of cornea”

Facilitate access by minors to contraception

While 18,000 young girls became pregnant in 2010, only 4,500 have gone at the end of their pregnancy. To avoid unintended pregnancies, a report is to be delivered to the Secretary of State for youth stressing the need for anonymous and free contraception for all teenage minor.

Being pregnant at 13 or 14 years, this is not normal. If certain songs, movies and TV shows sometimes evoke teenage pregnancies with idealism, the reality is often difficult for very young mothers suffered some insecurity. The subject of teenage pregnancies and abortion, behind is before all a lack of information and access to adequate contraception.


The paradox of contraception
In their report on the contraception and abortion of girls, Professor Israel Nisand, Dr. Brigitte Letombe (gynecologists) and Sophie Marinopoulos (psychologist), highlight a paradox that is specific to the France. Abortion and emergency contraception are free, anonymous, while contraception is paid or refundable by the social security of parents, thus requiring their authorization. “In France, we prefer to pay abortion rather than contraception” exclaims the Israel Nisand gynecologist.

Today, the contraceptive pill is given free of charge in family planning, which respect the anonymity and confidentiality of patients. However, they are rare in rural areas and the family planning association deplored the lack of means and calls to sign a petition for “Defend the right to information and education in sexuality”.

Package contraception for minors
The 18 proposals in the report, include provision of anonymously and free of contraception all and up to age 18 (and condoms under conditions of resources of 18 to 25 years). This proposal could emerge in the form of a “contraception for minor package” proposed by the State voluntary pharmaceutical laboratories. “Annual cost by minor would be around 80 euros in addition to the price of an annual consultation of renewal”, assess the authors. A cost to “put next to the cost of an abortion (on the order of 350 euros) which takes into account costs occasioned by suspicion of pregnancy, or emergency contraception, nor psychological consequences of Abortions to minors, if difficult to measure”, continuing the specialists.

The idea is also to provide suitable contraceptives minor. “We always speak of the pill, but most of the time, it is not suitable for the girls; It is better to provide the patch, the ring , or the implant, who avoid accidents. Unfortunately, these new methods of contraception are not reimbursed to date”adds Jeannette Bougrab, Secretary of State for youth.

Inform… from kindergarten!
Avoid unwanted pregnancies, it also passes by informing adolescents about sexuality and its consequences. According to the Nissan Professor, “pornography educates our children. Near three boys on four and more than a girl on two began to consume pornography before the age of 14 years”. In addition to maintaining the law of 2001 on school-based sexuality information, the report suggests to provide information on “la vie affective, emotional, sentimental” and respect for oneself in a sexed body report from kindergarten for the dialogue to become fluid and constant on these subjects, from the earliest age. How to apply to adolescents, specialists exclaim in echo ‘stop at the pure information only. “Young people need information but also especially to feel listened, to speak freely”.

But facing the sexuality of adolescents are also parents need help. They may indeed find it difficult to interact with their children. The report suggested the creation of places of parent-child home offering a listen for anonymous and free.

Cancer: how to limit the risks?

Cancer is the disease that makes the most fear, because nobody can feel safe. The most common cancers in women are breast (30%), uterus (12%) and ovaries (4%). More than anything, these cancers can be prevented through regular screening and lifestyle tips.

In an Ifop survey published in November 2000, the cancer appeared as the disease that fear most. It is cited in head in 63% of cases, far before AIDS (39%), cardiovascular diseases (26%), (28%) Alzheimer’s disease Creutzfeld-Jakob (23%) and meningitis (11%). The fear of cancer appears homogeneous, regardless of the age group or sex. Everyone feels potentially concerned. Thus, it appears today useful to recall some prevention tips.

the risk of breast cancer

The importance of screening
For most cancers of women, the importance of screening is crucial. More cancer is detected early, more the chances of cure are high. Through screening by mammography, 50% of breast cancers are detected in the early stages of evolution while the tumor is less than 2 cm. In addition to an increase in the chances of recovery, this early diagnosis allows a use less aggressive treatments. For this cancer, we recommend regular monitoring by your doctor or your gynecologist, every six months or annually over 30 years, and a mammogram every two years over 50 years. Every month, you will need to perform a self-examination of your breasts. Continue reading “Cancer: how to limit the risks?”