The infant and child growth monitoring is the size, weight and head circumference curves that your pediatrician will fill in the health record. These curves allow the physician to monitor the child and parents. Are advised to weigh and measure children every month from birth to two years. Monitoring can then be space, but it is advisable to take the measures at least every six months to six years and every year until puberty.
Monitoring of weight and size is especially important in the first years. These curves are used to detect early abnormalities revealed by weight or insufficient or excessive in size with age. To detect early risk of childhood obesity, is also used for a short build curves that are found in the health record.
The curve of weight of 0-3 years
Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the French children. In some countries is called the pink area “the path of health”, which means that the child which is within these limits grows without problems.
Consider the progression of the curve of the child and not its weight at any given time. It is not normal that the weight of a child is stagnating and especially decreases. Should then be appeal to a physician for a balance sheet.
If the weight of the child is located below the lower line, talking about weight or weight delay. Need to find the cause, first by looking at the evolution of the weight of the child in the weeks or months earlier. It is important that the child takes regular weight, on a line parallel to the curves drawn.
If the weight of the child is above the top line, talking about overweight. However if the curve of the weight of the child is well parallel to that of the schema, it is not necessarily a problem. Should then consider also the size and index size for a diagnosis. In this case the most important is the shape of the curve. Even while remaining within the normal area, if the curve of the child progresses too fast and pass quickly to the upper corridor, this may be a start of obesity.
The curve of size 0 to 3 years
Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the French children.
If the size of the child is located below the lower curve, we speak of growth retardation or statural delay. It is important to watch the progression of the curve of size, then to find a break or even a sluggish growth. However to characterize growth retardation, other parameters will be taken into account such as the size of the child at birth and the size of the parents. Eventually a radio of the cartilages of the wrist will be prescribed to establish “bone age” of the child.
The curve of the circumference of 0-3 years
It is the measure of the “tour of head”. The curve of the circumference is used to monitor the growth of the brain, extremely fast in the first years. The measurement of the circumference by the physician is particularly important first year because it allows to detect early abnormalities in the development of the nervous system. Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the children.