Baby learns to see

The vision of the child builds month by month, from birth to 5 or 6 years with specific “appointments” at 4 and a half months, 9 months, 18 months, 36 months (3 years) and 72 months (6 years). It depends on the maturation of the brain that learns to see more slowly than the eyes. At birth, all nerve cells in the Visual system are present. They make billions from the retina to the visual cortex at the back of the brain.

During learning vision and especially prior to 18 months, contacts between these cells are capable of change, of break to reorganize.

Baby learns to see

A little order in the synapses
This property is the plasticity of the brain that allowed him to develop a suitable operating mode. Therefore, the left eye and right eye images mix to the perception of the terrain and the two eyes converge to set an object very close. This phase corresponds to an organization of synapses – connections between nerve cells – changing many up to 18 months and 18 months to 6 years, then more slowly. This means that the brain structures responsible for vision take place gradually. They are virtually frozen for a year and a half and totally final after 6 years. Continue reading “Baby learns to see”

Baby before birth: intrauterine view

Miracle of the nature, the eye is one of the organs that appear early in the embryo. Discover the first stages of the view.

The ocular system of the latter begins to exist at the same time that his brain draft: 18 days after the design!At this point, the human embryo is barely 2 millimetres long but is already at the level of his face, two black spots which prefigure the eyes.

Baby before birth

First part of what would become the brain, they grow gradually, like a flower to bloom on the surface of the skin.
It becomes transparent, little by little, it turns into iris and cornea and, from time, it built components for eyeballs: the eyelids. Continue reading “Baby before birth: intrauterine view”

The miracle of sight

The vision is a very complex process that requires the participation of many elements of the eyes and the brain. Of all the senses, the view is often regarded as the most important. According to estimates, four-fifths of what we know about are transmitted to the brain through the eyes. The eyes transmit continuous flows of images to the brain through electrical signals.

At the speed of light!
When a person looks at it, the light rays strike and reflect on the objects that surround it. These rays are absorbed or reflected. Objects absorbing all appear black, while those who think all appear white. Colored objects absorb parts of the light spectrum and reflect others.

The miracle of sight

When you look at something, the rays reflected from the object enters the eye. These light rays are when they cross the curvature of the cornea. This process is called refraction. After this refraction, light entry is regulated through the iris (colored eye part) and the pupil (the black spot in the heart of the iris). Continue reading “The miracle of sight”

Baby is born. He sees.

Because he sleeps most of the time and, when he is awake, he fixed his gaze that fugitive manner, it was long thought that the baby did not, for about the first 2 weeks of his life. Today, we know that it is false. Even quite easily can measure this “first vision”.

An infant that comes to the world can detect a 1 cm bar – the equivalent of a pencil – even if it moves slowly. A condition, however, that it is contrasted, for example, in black and white and presented on a uniform background 30 cm from the eyes. A condition also the time to ready: that the baby was well awake and calm.

Baby is born

Another certainty: when it comes to the world, the child fears the strong lights since the retina does not have enough pigment to be protected against important illuminations. This lack of pigments in the iris and at the bottom of the eye also explains that all infants have dark eyes. Continue reading “Baby is born. He sees.”

Is depression hereditary?

Depressive, sickly anxiety, victim of panic attacks? And if you were to blame your parents for letting you these problems in legacy? According to a recent study, children whose parents suffer from depression are more likely to develop the same kind of problems as a child.

Such transmission has already been the subject of numerous studies, but this “inheritance”, if it was confirmed, would better treat adults and especially children at risk.
Are mental illnesses hereditary?

depression hereditary

In May 20001, the results of the work of the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University noted that cases of depression in young children and adolescents were more frequent when the parents were themselves depressive. But only the occurrence of these disorders, from the very young ages, associated with the resurgence or continuity of disease in adulthood. Continue reading “Is depression hereditary?”

Panorama of infertility treatments

All this prevents this meeting can be a cause of infertility. Several methods can fight against infertility.

– The first level is based on a treatment, called “ovulation inducer”. This treatment will trigger ovulation in women, so the acolyte to occur more easily. These hormonal treatments will promote ovulation and therefore possible fertilization after sexual intercourse.

Another issue: these treatments will improve the quality of the cervical mucus, out of the cervix. Sperm will rise this mucus as if they were “the great boulevards, when there one Sunday”. It rolls itself, there is no traffic jams. It easier for them.

infertility treatments

Conversely, if the woman takes a pill, the mucus will be completely entangled, preventing the sperm to pass. Without pill, some women have a mucus that will block the sperm, and in this case, hormonal treatment can ensure that the mucus is favorable. If in addition it offers an ovulation inducer, i.e. which will trigger ovulation, this facilitates the passage of sperm, facilitates the “Ponte” of the egg. Result: it facilitates the meeting of the two. Continue reading “Panorama of infertility treatments”

Baby: give him the right to cry

There are few, the “trend” was left crying babies. Today, it reversed to the point that many parents rush to the slightest cry of their toddler. The important point is whether that crying is a way for the baby, to express its hassles. It is therefore absurd of them stifle would be aberrant to cry a child without reacting.

There are myriad reasons why a small may cry. Hunger, of course, fatigue, pain, but also frustration, fear, etc. Suggested to eat to someone who says that it is exhausted? This is what we do sometimes when we offer breast or a bottle to a child who screams fatigue.

give him the right to cry

Listen to crying

Before answering a question, common sense requires us to listen to the question. It is exactly the same with our children crying: the first thing to do is to listen. Don’t have fear, the cries of hunger are quickly identifiable: the child then screams as if a horde of wolves is dechainaient in his ventre… Continue reading “Baby: give him the right to cry”

Growth curves

The infant and child growth monitoring is the size, weight and head circumference curves that your pediatrician will fill in the health record. These curves allow the physician to monitor the child and parents. Are advised to weigh and measure children every month from birth to two years. Monitoring can then be space, but it is advisable to take the measures at least every six months to six years and every year until puberty.

Monitoring of weight and size is especially important in the first years. These curves are used to detect early abnormalities revealed by weight or insufficient or excessive in size with age. To detect early risk of childhood obesity, is also used for a short build curves that are found in the health record.

Growth curves

The curve of weight of 0-3 years

Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the French children. In some countries is called the pink area “the path of health”, which means that the child which is within these limits grows without problems.

Weight curve

Consider the progression of the curve of the child and not its weight at any given time. It is not normal that the weight of a child is stagnating and especially decreases. Should then be appeal to a physician for a balance sheet.

If the weight of the child is located below the lower line, talking about weight or weight delay. Need to find the cause, first by looking at the evolution of the weight of the child in the weeks or months earlier. It is important that the child takes regular weight, on a line parallel to the curves drawn.

If the weight of the child is above the top line, talking about overweight. However if the curve of the weight of the child is well parallel to that of the schema, it is not necessarily a problem. Should then consider also the size and index size for a diagnosis. In this case the most important is the shape of the curve. Even while remaining within the normal area, if the curve of the child progresses too fast and pass quickly to the upper corridor, this may be a start of obesity.

The curve of size 0 to 3 years

Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the French children.

Curve size

If the size of the child is located below the lower curve, we speak of growth retardation or statural delay. It is important to watch the progression of the curve of size, then to find a break or even a sluggish growth. However to characterize growth retardation, other parameters will be taken into account such as the size of the child at birth and the size of the parents. Eventually a radio of the cartilages of the wrist will be prescribed to establish “bone age” of the child.

The curve of the circumference of 0-3 years

It is the measure of the “tour of head”. The curve of the circumference is used to monitor the growth of the brain, extremely fast in the first years. The measurement of the circumference by the physician is particularly important first year because it allows to detect early abnormalities in the development of the nervous system. Pink row corresponds to the “normal”, limits between which lie most of the children.

Dress up baby

Your child must be the most beautiful baby in the world! But don’t let you not too influenced by fashion. Clothes must be practical and adapted to the season. That each Exchange is not a gym session.

Baby clothes are all more cute with each other and gifts of birth already fill his Cabinet. But during the first weeks, do not try to make a “top model” worthy of magazines for children, choose the aspect practical for you and comfortable for him. Wide necks and further armholes, easy to put on you will avoid having to turn and return baby in every sense.

Dress up baby

Adapt to the season

It is clear that the climate and the temperature will affect the mode of clothing of the child. In hot weather, baby will be dressed to a cotton shirt or a body and a bloomer (short Pant cotton), in cold weather, the infant will be: a body of cotton, a bra, a small wool vest, pants, or a comfortable combination. Continue reading “Dress up baby”

how manage them smoothly?

For 9 months, you have brought your baby and lived with him a real symbiosis. With your maternity leave, you also have create unique links with your child and build a unique and harmonious relationship. But is maybe time for you to return to the path of the work… How do I get this separation is best for you and your baby? Here are all our tips!

Return to work is a moment feared by many young mothers. After spending several weeks with their tiny, it is not always easy to move away so a day… Your concerns are normal. For these separations are not a source of stress for you and your baby, it must simply that each of you preparing in douceur….

First steps baby

Separation: anxiety to the mother, the baby.

After your delivery, you probably received a postnatal leave of 10 weeks. During this period, set a climate of trust between you and your baby. You indeed are the first object of attachment of your child! The future separation can be painful for everyone. Continue reading “how manage them smoothly?”