Swimming-pool: attention danger!

Every year some 100 children die in France by drowning. It is the leading cause of death by accident of life before the age of 13. Figures which must inspire you to caution! A few simple tips that your summer does not turn into a nightmare.

A quarter of domestic accidents occur outside the home, in the courtyards and gardens. Among the main places of danger, private pools are originally from 20 to 30 deaths of children less than 5 years every summer.


A heavy toll before 5 years
The most dangerous period is between 1 and 5 years. As soon as he knows how to walk, the young child like indeed explore his environment, often without the knowledge of his parents, and he is attracted to water and its flickering.
Beyond the drownings, many children retain sequelae in a swimming accident. Continue reading “Swimming-pool: attention danger!”

Pool, beach, and monitoring

Drowning is the leading cause of death by domestic accident in children aged two to 14 years. In older children, these drownings occur mainly accidents of recreation (drownings in sea and river).

In adults, failure to comply with the basic rules of safety is the primary cause of water accidents and drownings. Drownings occur both in the pool and the sea.

Pool, beach, and monitoring

Attention to children
Only the permanent monitoring of the adult is effective. This surveillance is all the more important that the child is young. A few seconds of inattention can quickly turn to drama.
The tiny, prevention action is limited to remove the risks:
Private pool must be equipped with a security anti-drowning system;
It will never leave the child alone, even where there he foot, on the beach or at the swimming pool;It will be installed buoys and floating devices.

For the child to understand:
It is essential to explain the risk so that the child apprehends it the better;
Swimming learning must be as early as possible and even if the child is afraid of the water it is important to help him overcome this fear.
Until the child knows swim, it should be buoys, or even the buoys swimwear, and permanently when it is on the edge of the water.

The great are not exempt from caution!
Elementary safety rules compliance is at the base of the water accident prevention, it can be summarized in a few points:
Take account of the indications of security services;
Never swim alone;
Gradually enter into water especially when it is very hot or that the water is cold.
Do not bathe in too-hearty meals and/or significant alcohol absorption.
Private pools…

Regulations imposed since January 1, 2004, of the safety devices (barriers, shutters blinds.) around the newly built swimming pools. Since January 1, 2006, all pools must now be equipped with safety devices. The owners have the choice between several facilities:

A barrier (standard NF P90-306) flexible or rigid to a height of at least 1.10 m between two points of support, equipped with a gate, preferably automatic closing. An audible alarm of swimming pool (standard NF P90-307) placed on the surface of the water or around the pool.

Coverage (standard NF P90-308) flexible or rigid closing basin: automatic shutter, barcodes, cover stretched outside the coping, pool bottom back. A fully and properly closed pool (standard NF P90-309) shelter.

This summer, adopt anti-drowning reflexes!

Despite a drop in deaths by drowning, the number of these accidents is still too high. Faced with this alarming situation, prevention based on “reflexes anti-drowning” campaign reminds us of the rules to follow to avoid these tragedies.

Maritime regions or hosting many tourists are most affected by drowning. Each year, two groups are mainly affected: adults over 45 years and children under 6 years. Faced with these risks, an information campaign established anti-drowning reflexes.

adopt anti-drowning reflexes

All places of bathing and all ages are concerned
All bathing sites remain concerned: sea, swimming pools private plan water, streams and pools.
Continue reading “This summer, adopt anti-drowning reflexes!”

Crush syndrome

Earthquakes, bombings, shelling. After the disaster, began the work of rescuers. One of the main risks for survivors buried for several hours is the crush syndrome or Bywaters syndrome.

September 11, 2001, two planes crash on the two highest towers of New York (415 metres and 417 metres) in which 50,000 people work. June 1990, Iran, the Earth trembles: 40,000 dead. 1940, the Nazi Germany launches the “blitzkrieg” on England: daily bombing, of the thousands of victims. The common point between these disasters held in a single name: Bywaters. known as the denomination of crush syndrome.

Crush syndrome

Compression of the muscles
“When we managed to leave the victim of his pile of Earth, it seemed quite valid! Aside from some mild wounds to the legs, she looked almost in full form. A quarter of an hour later, she was dead”. This testimony of a rescuer down to him alone the misdeeds of Bywaters syndrome. This syndrome was named after the English physician who was the first to describe it during World War II. Continue reading “Crush syndrome”

Fungi: make no mistake!

Porcini mushrooms, Boletus, chanterelle mushrooms… Fungi are greatly appreciated for their gustative qualities. However, some are likely to cause digestive disorders and even poisoning. Doctissimo details the dangers, and gives some advice to budding mycophagous…

First and foremost, you should know that all mushrooms (even edible!) can lead to digestive disorders. Indeed, consumed too much poorly cooked or spoiled, they are often at the origin of intestinal disorders more or less important depending on the fragility of each. The manifestations are variable: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, etc…

make no mistake

50 Dangerous fungi…
Apart from these banal digestive disorders, there are in Europe about 50 fungi causing real poisonings. Generally, most mushroom poisonings occur between July and October, when growth is plentiful, which increases the risk of confusion. Continue reading “Fungi: make no mistake!”

The heart, this extraordinary pump

The heart is a pear-shaped hollow muscular organ located between the lungs, in the middle of the chest. It ensures the circulation of blood throughout the body, cells receive oxygen and nutrients. It is attached to the sternum by specific connective tissue called ligaments. The size of an adult heart is comparable to that of the fist. An average person, it measures approx 13 cm long and 8 cm wide, and weighs less than 500 grams.

The heart, this extraordinary pump

The heart, located between your lungs in the middle of the thorax is the engine of the cardiovascular system, whose role is to pump the blood that circulates in all tissues of the body. Continue reading “The heart, this extraordinary pump”

The brain, the most mysterious of our bodies

The seat of our emotions, our thoughts, our identity, etc… our brain allows us to collect and to discover the world that surrounds us. It is the headquarters of the central nervous system. More than 10 billion cells transmit and receive messages from different parts of the body. Discover some information about the last box black of our rganization. The brain controls all of our thoughts and most of our movements.

A large consumer of energy

Although it represents only 2% of the total body weight, it consumes 20% of the energy produced. The brain is composed of two symmetrical cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum and the medulla oblongata, the midbrain and the annular protuberance. These last three regions of the brain are the brainstem. The medulla oblongata is the lower portion of the brainstem and serves as the site of connection between the brain and the spinal cord. It contains many nervous centers responsible for the regulation of basic involuntary functions such as heart rate, respiration or body temperature. The bulb is 2.5 cm wide, but despite its small size, it has an essential function for the transmission of nerve impulses between the spinal cord and cerebral hemispheres.

most mysterious of our bodies

The front of the brain stem, just above the bulb, is a band of nerve fibers called protrusion . The protuberance connects the halves right and left cerebellum and serves as a “bridge” between the brain, the cerebellum and the medulla oblongata. Continue reading “The brain, the most mysterious of our bodies”

Attention to the evil of the mountains!

Dreaming of these holidays in the mountains of this trek in the Atlas or the Nepal… And yet, barely arrived at altitude, you are suddenly caught by headaches, nausea, you feel tired. Attention! Learn to recognize the evil acute mountain (MAM). How to prevent this problem? What are the treatments? The evil of the mountains should not be taken lightly.

We all hikers, skiers, and addicted of the summits, who one day were victims of the evil of the mountains. We must remember that this problem can occur in all who pass a stay aloft. The main cause: the lack of oxygen.

Attention to the evil of the mountains!

The malaise in the coma
Mountain sickness occurs a few hours after the arrival in altitude. The symptoms are often limited to headaches, nausea, vomiting, ringing in the ears, palpitations, dizziness and fatigue. The night insomnia may occur. But beware, it can be much more serious. At a high altitude (4 000-5 000 metres), pulmonary edema may occur suddenly (coughing, shortness of breath, or even coma). From this altitude and more frequently still at a higher altitude (5 000-5 500 meters), high-altitude cerebral edema (OCHA) can occur. Manifested initially by disorders of mood and behavior, headache, disorders of sight or vomiting, may immerse the patient into a coma and even death. These signs should not be taken lightly. Continue reading “Attention to the evil of the mountains!”

The beach is not the foot!

It has dreamed of long months and we finally, lying on the sand, toes in range… But leaving your towel, don’t forget to watch where you put your feet! Sea urchins, shells, sharp, syringes, bits of glass, burns… took no vacation. Countless enemies lie in wait. Attention!

The wounds of the foot are very frequent in the summer. They are derived from marine animals such as sea urchins, shells, the bright but also external elements to the aquatic world as syringes and the ends of glass left there or brought back by the tide.

The beach is not the foot!

These small injuries often have the appearance of the innocuous because they are, initially, only a small cut. However, the repeated baths, sea water and walking barefoot do not facilitate healing, and it is often prudent to get the feet dry until healing. Continue reading “The beach is not the foot!”

Summer in the mountains

In any season, should tackle the mountain with respect and intelligence. The summer is no exception: more than 100 people lose their lives each year during an accident in the mountains. A few tips and rules of bases for your holidays reach summits.

Even in summer, the mountain requires a respect for the rules of safety and physical and material preparation if considering a sporting activity.

Summer in the mountains

Some rules of preparation:
It must first of all be in good physical condition and train before considering a any hike.
Before you begin a hike or a climb it is necessary to prepare his equipment: Continue reading “Summer in the mountains”