Drowning is the leading cause of death by domestic accident in children aged two to 14 years. In older children, these drownings occur mainly accidents of recreation (drownings in sea and river).
In adults, failure to comply with the basic rules of safety is the primary cause of water accidents and drownings. Drownings occur both in the pool and the sea.
Attention to children
Only the permanent monitoring of the adult is effective. This surveillance is all the more important that the child is young. A few seconds of inattention can quickly turn to drama.
The tiny, prevention action is limited to remove the risks:
Private pool must be equipped with a security anti-drowning system;
It will never leave the child alone, even where there he foot, on the beach or at the swimming pool;It will be installed buoys and floating devices.
For the child to understand:
It is essential to explain the risk so that the child apprehends it the better;
Swimming learning must be as early as possible and even if the child is afraid of the water it is important to help him overcome this fear.
Until the child knows swim, it should be buoys, or even the buoys swimwear, and permanently when it is on the edge of the water.
The great are not exempt from caution!
Elementary safety rules compliance is at the base of the water accident prevention, it can be summarized in a few points:
Take account of the indications of security services;
Never swim alone;
Gradually enter into water especially when it is very hot or that the water is cold.
Do not bathe in too-hearty meals and/or significant alcohol absorption.
Regulations imposed since January 1, 2004, of the safety devices (barriers, shutters blinds.) around the newly built swimming pools. Since January 1, 2006, all pools must now be equipped with safety devices. The owners have the choice between several facilities:
A barrier (standard NF P90-306) flexible or rigid to a height of at least 1.10 m between two points of support, equipped with a gate, preferably automatic closing. An audible alarm of swimming pool (standard NF P90-307) placed on the surface of the water or around the pool.
Coverage (standard NF P90-308) flexible or rigid closing basin: automatic shutter, barcodes, cover stretched outside the coping, pool bottom back. A fully and properly closed pool (standard NF P90-309) shelter.