Why screen for colorectal cancer? Because diagnosed early, colorectal cancer is curable in more than nine out of ten cases. And colorectal cancer kills 100,000 Europeans, men and women. To encourage the French to get tested, the National Cancer Institute launched the first national awareness campaign.
1.”Most often detected in time, colorectal cancer is not bad”
2.2008, the year of the spread of organized screening for colorectal cancer
3.The colorectal cancer screening in practice
“Most often detected in time, colorectal cancer is not bad”
The colorectal cancer is the second cause of cancer deaths in France. However, when diagnosed at stage I (tumor beginner), the survival rate at 5 years was 94%. But this is currently the case only a single case of colorectal cancer 5. For survival increases, it is imperative to do everything to track this cancer at an earlier stage of development. This is the goal of organized screening, experienced since 2003 and now extends to the whole country.
2008, the year of the spread of organized screening for colorectal cancer
The colorectal cancer screening is for 16 million men and women aged 50 to 74 years. It recommends the implementation every two years to a test for occult blood in stool, followed by colonoscopy if positive (2-3% of cases). “Through this screening and with a participation rate of 50% of the population, we can achieve a reduction from 15 to 20% of colorectal cancer mortality.” Remember that colorectal cancer develops, early, silently, without symptoms. Often, these are intestinal polyps , growths on the surface of the colonic mucosa, which turn into tumors and, in the absence of diagnosis, finally invade nearby tissues. Small cancerous lesions in the intestinal mucosa tend to bleed easily, hence the need for the presence of blood in the stool . Invisible to the eye, these traces of blood are detected by a test known as Hem occult.