CANCER OF THE RECTUM

Rectal cancer is common and dreaded because it stands for gravity and artificial anus. However, considerable progress has been made by surgeons to keep up the natural anus and remove more lymph sick. They use it for a new surgical technique, assisted by prior radiotherapy.

1.Practical advice in case of bleeding from the anus
2.What causes rectal cancer?
3.Rectal cancer: when to see?
4.Rectal cancer: what’s going on there during the examination?
5.What is the treatment of rectal cancer?

Cancer of the rectum surgery

Practical advice in case of bleeding from the anus

Bleeding from the anus, however slight, and even if there are hemorrhoids, should lead to perform a rectal examination by a doctor and a colon examination by colonoscopy. A colonoscopy should also be routinely performed from 45 years in all first-degree relatives (parents, children, siblings) of a person who had a colon or rectum.
Namely: the rectal cancer for both men and women.

What causes rectal cancer?

The rectum is the terminal part of the colon. The cancer comes so often, as is the case for the colon, from a benign lesion called polyps, which ends up being cancerous. It appears mostly in men in middle age. Most cases are spontaneous, but there are also familial forms.

Rectal cancer: when to see?

Rectal cancer occurs very gradually. It is therefore generally not painful (except in advanced forms). However, it may give blood in the stool, even in small amounts (from trace). This sign must lead to promptly see, even if we have hemorrhoids or an anal fissure bleeding also.
Other symptoms of rectal cancer are rare and occur mostly in advanced forms. There may be constipation, pain, burning or false desires to go to the bathroom.
It is also essential to check from 45 years to get a colonoscopy if you have a first degree relative with cancer of the colon or rectum.
Otherwise, it is important to participate in organized screening for colorectal cancer (colon and rectum), which is based on the performance of a test Hem occult II from 50 years (men and women), and that is to look for traces blood in the stool.

Rectal cancer: what’s going on there during the examination?

The first review, which can be achieved by a general practitioner, is the digital rectal examination. Performed with delicacy, it is painless. It can detect cancer of the rectum near the anus. The main exam is colonoscopy, which is made by a gastroenterologist. This examination requires hospitalization for days, often under light general anesthetic after a purge of the colon produces a strong laxative given orally. Upon discovery of a rectal cancer, we practice a scanner to see and define the extent of the tumor in the pelvis. You can perform an ultrasound to detect possible metastases in the liver. Finally, if you need a clear idea of wall invasion of rectal cancer, we pass an endoscope ultrasound of the rectum which is realized using an ultrasound probe inserted into the rectum. This exam is done without anesthesia because it is completely painless.