Sleep apnea are more common than we think! 4 to 8% of the population would be concerned. And these nocturnal respiratory cases are a real threat to health. The responsible PR. Jean-Louis Racineux, of the Department of Pneumology at the CHU of Angers is one of the organizers of the day national apnea of sleeping. He developed for Doctissimo on this disease that strikes at night.
The sleep apnea is not a problem to ignore. This disorder results in short breathing stops during the night. Long term, the poor oxygenation of the body causes heart problems, high blood pressure and the risk of myocardial infarction. Screening, treatment… Pr Jean-Louis Racineux answers our questions.
Doctissimo: Are sleep apnea now better detected?
Apneas sommelier. Racine: The number of consultations for sleep apnea increases regularly for a few years. Because the public is better informed and this disorder better diagnosed by doctors. But there are still many patients who ignore. It is estimated that 4% of the population suffer from this syndrome, but the exact figure would be closer to 8%. Apneas affect as many chronic diseases such as asthma or diabetes world! Should therefore further strengthen public information and train practitioners to the identification of the symptoms. Similarly, should be given more human and material resources to services of pneumology, today totally overloaded. Because it is at the hospital will be the diagnosis, after a full night of sleep recording.
Doctissimo: What are the signs that allow the physician to detect this problem?
PR. Racineux: For mapping, if you are a “tired buzzer”, you have all chances to sleep apnea without knowing. Especially if your spouse finds decisions of your breathing during the night. Of course, should eliminate other possible causes of fatigue by consulting his doctor. But the fact of snoring, sleep associated non-remedial are signs that need to be thinking about sleep apnea.
Doctissimo: Have treatments they evolved?
PR. Racineux: Reference treatment is to wear overnight a mask connected to a continuous positive airway pressure device, actually a small compressor that sends air pressure. This method is most often effective, but many patients are struggling to manage binding device. Another, more recent, treatment is effective in about 60% of cases: are braces for mandible breakthrough. This system akin to a dental device is placed in the mouth, it allows moving the jaw and identifying the pharynx to let pass air. Treatment on the veil of the Palace, on the other hand, is not effective on the sleep apnea. They can eventually make a profit on the snoring.