Each year, 150,000 French are affected by cerebral vascular accident (stroke). “Act quickly to the brain”, the slogan of the 2008 World Day intends to educate the public on the importance of managing the symptoms and the need to quickly call the 15!
The brain cardiovascular accidents are very common and they can have serious consequences. They must be supported as soon as possible. More reason to know and to detect early symptoms.
Stroke in figures
Stroke (also called stroke or brain attack) are very common. Each year, 150,000 people are affected. STROKE is the third cause of mortality, the leading cause of death in women and the leading cause of motor disability acquired adult. Currently, almost three quarters of patients keep sequelae and 20 to 30% of the victims are admitted to care and rehabilitation. In half of the cases, the dependency is a consequence of stroke.
According to a study published in 2005, the number of cardiovascular stroke is expected to increase by 28% between 2000 and 2020 because of the ageing of the population. It should be noted that one-third of stroke occur in elderly subjects in addition to 80 years but that 25% of those affected were under 65 and 20 per cent are of working age.
In addition, the financial burden of stroke is significant for the French health care system. Circulatory diseases account for almost 11% of health expenditures due to the care but also costly support disabling stroke in disorder of long duration (ALD).
AVC: the importance of immediate support
The word stroke could also mean “To act quickly to the brain” because every minute counts. There are even more effective treatments that are administered quickly. But today, for stroke late often arrive at the hospital in a structure not necessarily adapted. At the Department of Neurology Society Congress and society French Neurovascular, October 9, 2008, the Minister of health, Roselyne Bachelot, declared that it is “imperative to reduce transport time, and especially to steer patients to structures adapted to their State structures with the material resources, particularly in Imaging, MRI or CT scan, and human resources to process”.
Currently, almost sixty units Neurovascular (UNV) are against a thirty two years ago. What is still largely insufficient. Another point to be improved: optimize the support in the pre-hospital phase.
But the public also has a role in the early of stroke: If people are more familiar with the symptoms, they can quickly call relief. And the treatment of stroke would be faster, limiting or avoiding irreversible damage.
AVC: Call the 15!
This is the challenge of the “call of the 15” awareness campaign during the world day of stroke from October 29. Awareness of symptoms and the urgency of care for stroke patients. The first symptoms of a stroke are:
Paralysis or sudden numbness on one side of the body,
Sudden speaking or understanding difficulties.
Very sharp decrease in vision in one eye.
These signs should alert even if they stop very quickly. The most common symptom who signs a stroke is the sudden onset of weakness on one side of the body. Against these symptoms, he must be called the 15. The victims then receive immediate care in emergency.
15, By its regulation, can very quickly orient the patient in a skilled care unit, thus limiting the risk of sequelae and deaths related to these accidents. World stroke day is relayed in France by different companies (SFMU, UAS), associations (France-stroke, Aphasia, Red Cross) under the high patronage of the Ministry of health.
Local events will be held in several cities in France on 29 October. Why check the schedules of your respective cities.
“Act quickly to the brain”: the film
“A.V.C Agir Vite for the brain” is the first film to raise awareness to all of the medical profession and the general public that every minute counts in the cerebro-vascular emergencies.
It describes the actions carried out by the entire chain of professionals involved in the 3 hours between the first symptoms of the administration of thrombolytic therapy in cerebral infarction: permanenciers and centre15, SMUR regulators, emergency medical, radiologists, vascular neurologists…
Shot in the unit Neurovascular of CH René Dubosde Pontoise, on a screenplay by Dr. Jérome Servan, with the sponsorship of the Neurovascular French society and the support of Sanofi-Aventis and Bristol-Myers Squibb, the film highlights a major issue of public health news. This film received the award for best film at the interviews of Bichat.